Coronavirus and the Global South

Large parts of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East are being very seriously affected by the disease, and the states of the Global South are showing a wide variation in their reactions. Learn more how the GIGA contributes to addressing the worldwide repercussions of the pandemic.


  • Chapter in Edited Volume | 08/2022

    MOTRA-Monitor 2021 – Zusammenfassung: Radikalisierung im Schatten der Corona-Pandemie

    Eine Zusammenfassung der im MOTRA-Monitor 2021 dokumentierten Analysen, die erstmalig auf der Grundlage von MOTRA-Primärdaten, die themenspezifisch analytisch aufeinander bezogen wurden, greifbar das in MOTRA angelegte Erkenntnispotenzial illustrieren.

    Dr. Uwe Kemmesies

    Prof. Dr. Peter Wetzels

    Beatrix Austin

    Dr. Christian Büscher

    Prof. Dr. Axel Dessecker

    Prof. Dr. Edgar Grande

    Prof. Dr. Diana Rieger

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: A Complex Relationship

    A cross-regional comparative analysis of the effects of COVID-19 on violence shows high levels of variation between contexts and in terms of specific armed actors. While Latin America along with the Middle East and North Africa have experienced an overall reduction, violence in sub-Saharan Africa has increased.

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 3/2022

    Pandemic, Protest, and Petro Presidente: Rescuing Colombia’s Peace

    COVID-19 paved the way for a left-wing government winning in Colombia’s recent elections. The pandemic has deepened structural inequalities, promoting an unprecedented wave of protest against the right-wing incumbent. Answering with high levels of violence only further increased the call for change.

    Workshop | 07/04/2022 - 08/04/2022

    Policy Challenges in Latin America: Looking to the Future

    The COVID-19 pandemic has hit Latin American countries particularly hard and exposed structural vulnerabilities in the region. At a joint workshop of the EU-LAC Foundation and the GIGA, scholars will assess key policy challenges in the areas of social protection, labour informality, education, health, state capacity, migration, and more.

    Policy Paper | 11/2021

    Why a Narrative of the #PandemicOfTheUnvaccinated Risks Prolonging the Pandemic

    Prof. Amrita Narlikar and Dr. Cecilia Sottilotta discuss in this paper the responsibility of unvaccinated people for the sudden rise in Covid 19 cases in Europe. This article was republished in Global Policy Blog (24.11.2021) and translated into Hindi (8.12.2021).

    Cecilia Emma Sottilotta

    Formerly Visiting Fellow

    GIGA Focus Global | 8/2021

    Sustaining Civic Space in Times of COVID-19: Global Trends

    Autocracies worldwide have exploited COVID-19 to curtail civil liberties. However, the health crisis and related socio-economic setbacks have also created needs-induced space, leading to a rise of civil society relief activism and protests. Read more in this GIGA Focus Global.

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 5/2021

    COVID-19 in Latin America: Where We Stand and What Is to Come

    The authors of this GIGA Focus analyse the current COVID-19 situation in Latin America and the challenges facing the countries. Texto completo disponible en español.

    Prof. Dr. Jan Felix Drexler

    Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

    Lead Research Fellow / Head GIGA Berlin Office Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

    GIGA Focus Global | 6/2021

    The Shadow Pandemic: Policy Efforts on Gender-Based Violence during COVID-19 in the Global South

    With the pandemic, the risk of violence against women and children, especially within the home, increased further as people sheltered at home at the same time that they faced great financial and emotional stress. The authors of this GIGA Focus assess government efforts to address and treat gender-based violence.


    Research Project | 01/10/2021 - 01/10/2022

    COVID-19 in Latin America: The Role of Social Protections for Households with Children

    This project analyzes the socio-economic fall-out of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the intervening role of social protections, on families with children in eight Latin American countries. The region, with high levels of inequality, labor informality, and urbanization, has been particularly hard hit by both pandemic deaths and economic effects. The social protection responses, however, have varied dramatically, from a massive emergency assistance plan in Brazil to virtually no additional cash transfer aid in Mexico.
    DFG, 2021-2022

    Prof. Dr. Merike Blofield

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Latin American Studies

    Dr. Juliana Martínez Franzoni

    Research Project | 01/10/2021 - 15/04/2022

    Investigating Supply & Demand Side Factors of a Massive Covid-19 Vaccination Drive: Experimental Evidence from Indonesia

    Indonesia is fighting one of the worst coronavirus outbreaks in Asia. On January 13, 2021, the country started one of the world’s biggest COVID-19 vaccination drives. The plan is to inoculate 181.5 million people – two third of the population – in 15 months using primarily the CoronaVac from China’s Sinovac Biotech. The vaccination campaign is ambitious and its success hinges on a number of supply and demand side factors which are subject to investigation in this project.
    DFG, 2021-2022

    Research Project | 01/03/2021 - 30/09/2022

    Corona Conflicts? Analysing Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Violent Conflict in Africa

    At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, decision-makers warned that the pandemic might lead to more violent conflict in fragile states, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This project engages in a mixed-methods approach to study related relationships.
    Volkswagen Foundation, 2021-2022

    Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau

    Director of the GIGA Institute for African Affairs / Editor GIGA Focus Africa

    Mora Deitch

    Formerly Research Fellow

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: A Complex Relationship

    A cross-regional comparative analysis of the effects of COVID-19 on violence shows high levels of variation between contexts and in terms of specific armed actors. While Latin America along with the Middle East and North Africa have experienced an overall reduction, violence in sub-Saharan Africa has increased.

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 3/2022

    Pandemic, Protest, and Petro Presidente: Rescuing Colombia’s Peace

    COVID-19 paved the way for a left-wing government winning in Colombia’s recent elections. The pandemic has deepened structural inequalities, promoting an unprecedented wave of protest against the right-wing incumbent. Answering with high levels of violence only further increased the call for change.

    GIGA Working Papers | 05/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: An Inter- and Cross-Regional Comparison

    What effect has the COVID-19 pandemic had on different armed actors across the Global South? This comparative analysis of regional trends and different armed actors provides evidence for regional specificities and an overall brief decline in violence before a return to pre-pandemic levels.

    Policy Paper | 11/2021

    Why a Narrative of the #PandemicOfTheUnvaccinated Risks Prolonging the Pandemic

    Prof. Amrita Narlikar and Dr. Cecilia Sottilotta discuss in this paper the responsibility of unvaccinated people for the sudden rise in Covid 19 cases in Europe. This article was republished in Global Policy Blog (24.11.2021) and translated into Hindi (8.12.2021).

    Cecilia Emma Sottilotta

    Formerly Visiting Fellow

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 5/2021

    COVID-19 in Latin America: Where We Stand and What Is to Come

    The authors of this GIGA Focus analyse the current COVID-19 situation in Latin America and the challenges facing the countries. Texto completo disponible en español.

    Prof. Dr. Jan Felix Drexler

    Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

    Lead Research Fellow / Head GIGA Berlin Office Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

    Workshop | 07/04/2022 - 08/04/2022

    Policy Challenges in Latin America: Looking to the Future

    The COVID-19 pandemic has hit Latin American countries particularly hard and exposed structural vulnerabilities in the region. At a joint workshop of the EU-LAC Foundation and the GIGA, scholars will assess key policy challenges in the areas of social protection, labour informality, education, health, state capacity, migration, and more.

    GIGA Forum | 20/10/2021

    The Shadow Pandemic: Policy Efforts Addressing Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19

    In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic the risk of gender-based violence, especially within the home, has increased and Governments around the world are addressing this problem differently. In this GIGA Forum/GIGA Talk, experts discussed the effect of related government responses and offer policy recommendations. Video of event now online.

    Online-Roundtable | 09/04/2021

    COVID-19, Year Two: Consequences and Challenges for Latin America

    This roundtable brings together experts with different perspectives on the current conjuncture and socio-political implications for the medium term in the region. Video of the event available.

    Deutschland.de | Mention | 12/08/2021

    Together against pandemics New GLACIER research centre connects scientists from Germany and Latin America

    Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

    Lead Research Fellow / Head GIGA Berlin Office Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

    Deutsche Welle | Quote | 06/08/2021

    Authoritarian states obscuring COVID death tolls, study shows

    Dr. Maria Josua

    Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Deutsche Welle | Interview | 02/08/2021

    COVID-19 Special: Latin America

    Prof. Dr. Merike Blofield

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Latin American Studies

    19/02/2022

    MSC Roundtable “Tomorrow Never Dies: Increasing Pandemic Preparedness”

    GIGA Präsidentin Prof. Amrita Narlikar war eingeladen, mit anderen Expert:innen und Entscheidungsträger:innen zu diskutieren, was es braucht, um besser auf die nächste Pandemie vorbereitet zu sein.

    09/02/2022 - 10/02/2022

    T20 Inception Conference

    Conference 09/02/2022 - 10/02/2022

    On the heels of the Handover Ceremony of the T20 presidency from Italy to Indonesia, the T20 Indonesia will host the Inception Conference as an opening meeting for the group of think tanks and research institutes. The Inception Conference will help to guide policy innovations during Indonesia’s G20 presidency that address priority areas ranging from climate change to digital transition, from social cohesion to growth and financial stability.

    28/06/2021

    Eine Pandemie der Gewalt? Covid-19 und die Zunahme bewaffneter Konflikte im subsaharischen Afrika

    Bundeswehr University Munich München: 28/06/2021

    Vortrag an der Universität der Streitkräfte in München

    President

    Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is President of the GIGA. Her research focuses on international negotiations, economic statecraft, and multilateralism. She has a special interest in India, Asia, and the BRICS.

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