GIGA Focus

The GIGA Focus series offer concise analysis of current political, economic, and social developments in the regions of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, as well as of global trends. With its concrete policy recommendations, the GIGA’s flagship policy paper is aimed in particular at political decision-makers. At the same time, it also provides coverage of the key aspects of a given topic for media representatives and the general public alike.


  • GIGA Focus Africa | 6/2022

    Digital Africa: How Big Tech and African Startups Are Reshaping the Continent

    Digitalization is gaining momentum in Africa. Thanks to significant private investment in the continent’s digital infrastructure, more Africans have access to the internet and mobile phones. Building on this, a new wave of African startups is driving innovation and transforming African economies.

    Tevin Tafese

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Focus Global | 4/2022

    Ad Hoc Coalitions in a Changing Global Order

    Ad hoc coalitions are increasingly visible, highly specialised crisis-response tools that operate outside of established international organisations. What motivates countries to set up ad hoc coalitions, and are they only complementary? These and other questions inform this GIGA Focus.

    Prof. Dr. Malte Brosig

    Visiting Fellow

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 4/2022

    Chile’s Constitutional Reform Process Rebooted

    Although Chileans are overwhelmingly in favour of a new constitution, in a referendum held on 4 September, 62 per cent of those who voted rejected the proposal drawn up by a democratically elected Constitutional Convention. The struggle for a new constitution is thus entering the next round.

    GIGA Focus Middle East | 5/2022

    From New to Normal: Two Years after the Abraham Accords

    When Israel signed the Abraham Accords in 2020, reactions were split. Two years later, normalisation dynamics in the region are stronger than many had anticipated, though they differ in degree and scope. Further progress is limited by, for instance, the unresolved Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

    Petra Dachtler

    Diplomat in Residence and Fellow

    GIGA Focus Asia | 4/2022

    Competition and Cooperation: India and China in the Global Climate Regime

    Fighting climate change requires cooperation among all major emitters. This Focus explores the impact of growing tensions between India and China on the global climate regime, set in an increasingly multipolar order that defies clear divisions between partner and rival.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    Thematic Editions of the GIGA Focus Series

    The various thematic editions of the GIGA Focus series discuss the specific global and regional expressions of an overarching issue. They also reflect the GIGA’s approach of taking into account the philosophical traditions and historical experiences of all world regions.

    General Editor

    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / General Editor GIGA Focus Editor GIGA Focus Global

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-570sabine.kurtenbach@giga-hamburg.de

    Editors

    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / General Editor GIGA Focus Editor GIGA Focus Global

    Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau

    Director of the GIGA Institute for African Affairs / Editor GIGA Focus Africa

    Prof. Dr. Heike Holbig

    Senior Research Fellow / Editor GIGA Focus Asia

    Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

    Lead Research Fellow / Head GIGA Berlin Office Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

    Dr. Thomas Richter

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Accountability and Participation" Editor GIGA Focus Middle East


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    GIGA Focus Africa | 6/2022

    Digital Africa: How Big Tech and African Startups Are Reshaping the Continent

    Digitalization is gaining momentum in Africa. Thanks to significant private investment in the continent’s digital infrastructure, more Africans have access to the internet and mobile phones. Building on this, a new wave of African startups is driving innovation and transforming African economies.

    Tevin Tafese

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Focus Global | 4/2022

    Ad Hoc Coalitions in a Changing Global Order

    Ad hoc coalitions are increasingly visible, highly specialised crisis-response tools that operate outside of established international organisations. What motivates countries to set up ad hoc coalitions, and are they only complementary? These and other questions inform this GIGA Focus.

    Prof. Dr. Malte Brosig

    Visiting Fellow

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 4/2022

    Chile’s Constitutional Reform Process Rebooted

    Although Chileans are overwhelmingly in favour of a new constitution, in a referendum held on 4 September, 62 per cent of those who voted rejected the proposal drawn up by a democratically elected Constitutional Convention. The struggle for a new constitution is thus entering the next round.

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: A Complex Relationship

    A cross-regional comparative analysis of the effects of COVID-19 on violence shows high levels of variation between contexts and in terms of specific armed actors. While Latin America along with the Middle East and North Africa have experienced an overall reduction, violence in sub-Saharan Africa has increased.

    GIGA Focus Middle East | 5/2022

    From New to Normal: Two Years after the Abraham Accords

    When Israel signed the Abraham Accords in 2020, reactions were split. Two years later, normalisation dynamics in the region are stronger than many had anticipated, though they differ in degree and scope. Further progress is limited by, for instance, the unresolved Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

    Petra Dachtler

    Diplomat in Residence and Fellow

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 3/2022

    Pandemic, Protest, and Petro Presidente: Rescuing Colombia’s Peace

    COVID-19 paved the way for a left-wing government winning in Colombia’s recent elections. The pandemic has deepened structural inequalities, promoting an unprecedented wave of protest against the right-wing incumbent. Answering with high levels of violence only further increased the call for change.

    GIGA Focus Asia | 4/2022

    Competition and Cooperation: India and China in the Global Climate Regime

    Fighting climate change requires cooperation among all major emitters. This Focus explores the impact of growing tensions between India and China on the global climate regime, set in an increasingly multipolar order that defies clear divisions between partner and rival.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    GIGA Focus Middle East | 4/2022

    Social Media in Morocco: From Grassroots Activism to Electoral Campaigns

    Social media played an important role during the campaigns leading up to the Moroccan elections in September 2021. Digital campaigning contributed to the victory of the new ruling party. In the future, a more effective legal framework is needed to guarantee the transparency and fair funding of digital electoral campaigns.

    Eleonora Landucci

    Lena Richter

    GIGA Focus Africa | 5/2022

    Queen Mothers: Women in Leadership in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Six of the 25 countries with the highest proportion of women in parliament are in sub-Saharan Africa. Some African countries also sit atop lists of numbers of women on corporate boards. How did women attain such leadership positions in these countries, and what can Germany and the EU learn from them?

    Juliana Tappe Ortiz

    Doctoral Researcher

    Julia Köbrich

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 2/2022

    The War in Ukraine and Latin America: Reluctant Support

    The War in Ukraine has highlighted Latin American divisions. Although the Russian invasion violates international law, the conflict seems remote and evokes a long-standing rejection of United States policies. Many regional governments only show reluctant support for the West’s anti-Putin policies.

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