Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow | Research Team Spokesperson

Dr. Julia Grauvogel

  • Short CV

    • Since 05/2017: Spokesperson of the Research Team "Interventions and Security", RP 2 "Peace and Security"

    • 05/2018 - 04/2022: Editor of Africa Spectrum

    • 2016 - 2018: Research Fellow in the project "International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes - IDCAR-Network" funded by Leibniz Competition

    • 2012 - 2016: Research Fellow in the project "Ineffective Sanctions?: External Sanctions and the Persistence of Autocratic Regimes" funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation

    • Since 2012: Research Fellow at the GIGA Instiute of African Affairs

    • 2010 - 2011: Research Assistant at the Chair of Political Science and International Relations, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen

    • 2008 - 2011: Internship experiences include the Committee for Economic Cooperation and Development of the German Parliament, Berlin (2008) and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin (2011)

    • Education: PhD at the University of Hamburg "The 'Internal Opposition Effect' of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa” (scholarship from the Heinrich Böll Foudation); Master "Peace Research and International Politics" at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen (scholarship from the Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V.), Bachelor "International Relations" at Dresden University of Technology

    Current Research

    • International sanctions

    • Persistence and change of authoritarian regimes

    • Legitimation of authoritarian regimes

    Countries and Regions

    • Simbabwe

    • Burundi


    • Association for African Studies in Germany, Mitglied im Hauptausschuss der Vereinigung für Afrikawissenschaften in Deutschland (VAD), since 2020
    • Africa Spectrum, Editor in chief, 2018 - 2022
    • Peace Science Society (International), Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2018
    • International Studies Association, Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2013
    • German Political Science Association, Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2012


    • The ‘Internal Opposition Effect’ of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative-Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-566julia.grauvogel@giga-hamburg.de

    Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte | 03/2023

    Erfolg und Grenzen der Sanktionspolitik gegen Russland

    Westliche Staaten haben bemerkenswert schnell mit harten Sanktionen auf die Invasion Russlands in die Ukraine reagiert. Nach einem Jahr zeigen sich erste Wirkungen der Zwangsmaßnahmen, die Erwartungen an dieses Instrument sollten aber realistisch bleiben.

    GIGA Focus Africa | 1/2023

    Ten Things to Watch in Africa in 2023

    Russia’s war against Ukraine has accelerated international competition for influence in Africa. Structural weaknesses and post-pandemic instabilities continue to threaten democratic governance, peace, and development. We present a selective list and analysis of “ten things to watch” in Africa in 2023.

    W+F Wissenschaft und Frieden | 11/2022

    Wirtschaftlicher Zwang für politische Ziele: Boykotte und Sanktionen als Instrumente der internationalen Politik

    Oft verbinden Politiker*innen und die Öffentlichkeit übersteigerte Erwartungen mit Sanktionen: Sie sind ein außenpolitisches Instrument, das immer im Zusammenspiel mit Diplomatie sowie unter Umständen mit militärischer Gewalt wirkt.

    Dataset | 2022

    International Sanctions Termination Dataset

    The International Sanctions Termination (IST) dataset is composed of the entire universe of sanctions imposed by the EU, UN, US and regional organizations in the period from 1990 to 2018, including those that were already in place by 1990 and those still ongoing...


    Research Project | 01/08/2022 - 31/07/2023

    Impact of Sanctions on Senders Countries’ Enterprises – the Case of the Russian–Ukraine Military Conflict

    The goal of this project is to assess the short- and mid-term economic consequences of EU and US sanctions imposed on Russia on companies from sanctions sender countries. Knowing how and why economic sanctions affect firms’ behavior is key to understanding the impact that sanctions will have - both for good and for ill – for senders’ countries’ economies and sanctions’ effectiveness.

    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/06/2023

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2023

    Research Project | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2026

    Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA)

    MIASA, based at the University of Legon, Ghana, is one of five Maria Sibylla Merian Centres for Advanced Studies, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research. Its overall aim is to work towards a reduction of global asymmetries in knowledge production and bridging the cultural divide between anglophone and francophone Africa. MIASA's thematical focus is on sustainable governance. The GIGA contributes to the Interdisciplinary Fellow Group on ‘Sustainable Rural Transformation’ and its outreach activities.
    BMBF, 2020-2026

    Research Project | 01/08/2018 - 31/07/2021

    The Termination of International Sanctions: Causes, Processes and Domestic Consequences

    Sanctions termination has become a ubiquitous phenomenon in international politics. Controversies about cases such as Cuba, Iran, Russia, and Zimbabwe exemplify the contested nature of policy debates about the termination of sanctions. Yet, research has focused on sanctions’ implementation and effectiveness, directing little attention towards their removal. This project examines the causes, processes, and consequences of ending sanctions. It combines cross-national analyses based on the first global dataset on sanctions termination with in-depth case studies covering different regions.
    DFG, 2018-2021

    Deutsche Welle | Interview | 21/02/2023

    Ein Jahr Ukraine-Krieg – Umbrüche in der Wirtschaft



    taz | Quote | 17/02/2023

    Russia Today von Luxemburger Firma unterstützt Kriegsspiele gegen EU-Sanktionen

    Russia Today verbreitet weiter Moskaus Propaganda in der EU. Eine Luxemburger Firma hilft mit einem deutschen Server. Eine Recherche von CORRECTIV und taz mit Einschätzungen von GIGA-Expertin Dr. Julia Grauvogel.

    Business Diplomacy Today | Interview | 09/02/2023

    International sanctions

    In this episode of the Business Diplomacy Today podcast, Dr. Matthias Catón and Dr. Julia Grauvogel discuss the implications of economic sanctions and talk about different types of sanctions and the ways to measure their effects. Grauvogel also provides her prediction on the future of sanctions as a foreign policy tool.

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2021

    Academic Publishing

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    The workshop is designed to cover the most important aspects of publishing scholarly work. It will first offer an overview of different formats, including articles, book chapters, policy papers, working papers and book reviews. In a second step, the workshop will zoom into the publication of peer-reviewed articles. It will guide the participants through the entire process from manuscript preparation to handling article proofs. In particular, I will cover the following topics: deciding when to submit a paper, crafting a convincing title and abstract, writing a cover letter, identifying the most suitable journals, understanding and addressing reviewer comments, finalizing the accepted article, and promoting your published work. Best practices for each step of this process will be discussed. Throughout the workshop, I will also provide in-depth information on the editorial and production process based on my experiences as the editor-in-chief of an SSCI-ranked journal, guest editor of special issues and author. During the practical phases of the workshop, you will get the opportunity to receive peer and expert feedback on questions such as journal targeting and abstract writing.

    Teaching | Universität Hamburg | 2021

    Sanctions in International Relations

    Universität Hamburg Hamburg Germany

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2020

    An Introduction to the Logic and Practice of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    This course provides an introduction into Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). We will discuss the set-theoretic and Boolean foundations of the method, its logic of inference and learn how to use the method when working with real-world data. The elements of the course dedicated to the underlying logic will cover fuzzy and crisp sets, the analysis of necessary and sufficient conditions via set relations and complex causality, including equifinality, conjunctural relations and asymmetry. This will also allow participants to assess how (fuzzy) sets can be used as a tool for the construction of (ideal) types. The practice of fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) will be taught on the basis of the R package, which is state-of-the-art software for applying QCA. The participants will learn how to calibrate, i.e. to how to transfer quantitative and qualitative data into sets membership values, and how to analyze a so-called truth table, i.e. a data matrix that summarizes case-based information in a systematic fashion. Then, consistency and coverage measures as well as frequency thresholds are presented as tools to deal with noisy real-world data and to assess the robustness of results. Finally, pitfalls and good practices are discussed.


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