Authoritarian Turn

Authoritarian practices are not only used in non-democratic regimes. They can increasingly be found also in formally democratic states, as the examples of shrinking civic space, populism, and democratic backsliding show. Learn more about the GIGA‘s research and knowledge transfer on the topic.


  • RP Online | Interview | 10/11/2022

    „Große Sportveranstaltungen haben immer einen politischen Nutzen“

    Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies

    GIGA Forum | 07/12/2022

    The Fight for Equal Rights and Freedom in Iran

    This GIGA Forum addresses the root causes of the protests in Iran and their significance at the domestic, regional, and international levels.

    Africa Spectrum | 11/2022

    Between Coups and Election: Constitutional Engineering and Military Entrenchment in Sudan

    In this article, Hager Ali (GIGA), Salah Ben Hammou, and Jonathan Powell (University of Central Florida) investigate how armies re-entrench their power after thwarting democratic transitions.

    Salah Benhammou

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Jonathan Powell

    Podcast Tonspur Wissen | Interview | 11/11/2022

    Podcast "Tonspur Wissen": Wem nützt die WM in Katar?

    Die Welt zu Gast in einem Land, in dem Frauen wenig Rechte haben und in denen Homosexualität als Sünde gilt und unter Strafe steht. Das sorgt weltweit für Empörung. Wem nützt die WM in Katar und warum hat die FIFA das Land als Austragungsort gewählt? Ursula Weidenfeld im Gespräch mit Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz.

    Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies

    GIGA Talk | 27/10/2022

    Iran: Pivot to the East amidst Domestic Repression

    As protests and human rights violations prevail in Iran, the Islamic Republic continues to orient itself towards the east, stepping up its relations with China, Russia, and India. This GIGA Talk seeks to shed light on this key strategic turn.

    Deutsche Welle | Quote | 28/10/2022

    El duro golpe de Estados Unidos al oro nicaragüense

    Tras las nuevas sanciones a la industria del oro del país centroamericano, Nicaragua se enfrenta a un complejo escenario económico. Asimismo, se prevé que las restricciones al régimen de Daniel Ortega sigan en aumento.

    Désirée Reder

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Talk | 25/10/2022

    Brazil’s Run-off Elections: Democracy at Risk

    Brazil, one of Global South’s largest democracies, is heading for the decisive second round of its presidential elections on Sunday 30 October. However, incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro has repeatedly threatened not to accept the vote if he should lose. At this GIGA Talk, we will discuss the consequences for Brazil and its relationship with Europe. Video now online!

    Third World Quarterly | 08/2022

    Continuity Through Change: Populism and Foreign Policy in Turkey

    Empirically, the paper scrutinises how Turkish President Erdoğan switched from conservative democratic to Islamist to nationalist discourses, each with repercussions in the field of foreign policy, and sustained the populist moment through successive dislocations.

    Dr. Hakkı Taş

    Research Fellow

    Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

    Lead Research Fellow / Head GIGA Berlin Office Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

    bert.hoffmann@giga-hamburg.de

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-590christian.vonsoest@giga-hamburg.de

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-566julia.grauvogel@giga-hamburg.de

    Dr. David Kuehn

    Senior Research Fellow / Coordinator GIGA Forum

    david.kuehn@giga-hamburg.de

    Africa Spectrum | 11/2022

    Between Coups and Election: Constitutional Engineering and Military Entrenchment in Sudan

    In this article, Hager Ali (GIGA), Salah Ben Hammou, and Jonathan Powell (University of Central Florida) investigate how armies re-entrench their power after thwarting democratic transitions.

    Salah Benhammou

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Jonathan Powell

    Energy Research & Social Science | 09/2022

    Whither Rentierism Following the 2014 Oil Price Decline: Trajectories of Policy Adjustment in the Arab Gulf

    This paper looks at key trajectories of policy adjustment across member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)—a region shaped by state-controlled income from exporting hydrocarbons—since 2014, the year in which the price of crude oil dropped significantly.

    Dr. Thomas Richter

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Accountability and Participation" Editor GIGA Focus Middle East

    The Loop - ECPR's Political Science Blog: Autocracies with Adjectives | 08/2022

    Control over Militaries is the Forgotten Landmark of Democracy after Imperialism

    When democracies’ most basic features lose their distinctive edge, differentiating regime types becomes a problem for scholars of democracy and autocracy alike. Hager Ali aims to redraw demarcations between regimes across the political spectrum. To do so, she argues that civilian control over militaries is just as fundamental as suffrage

    Hager Ali

    Doctoral Researcher

    Dataset | 2022

    Justifications of Repressive Incidents in Morocco and Tunisia Dataset (JuRI)

    This novel event dataset contains information on 439 repressive incidents in Morocco and Tunisia from 2000-2010. It disaggregates various dimensions of repression and its justification. The JuRI dataset is based on a compilation of publicly available human rights reports.

    https://doi.org/10.7802/2438

    Dr. Maria Josua

    Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Autocracies with Adjectives | 05/2022

    Autocracies with Adjectives: We need better Typologies of Authoritarian Regimes

    The study of regime types, Hager Ali argues, is imbalanced. Theories and concepts of democracy have received attention for decades. But amid the resurgence of autocracies, scholars of authoritarianism still do not have the luxury of nuanced typologies to dissect the broad spectrum of non-democratic regimes.

    Hager Ali

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Forum | 07/12/2022

    The Fight for Equal Rights and Freedom in Iran

    This GIGA Forum addresses the root causes of the protests in Iran and their significance at the domestic, regional, and international levels.

    GIGA Talk | 27/10/2022

    Iran: Pivot to the East amidst Domestic Repression

    As protests and human rights violations prevail in Iran, the Islamic Republic continues to orient itself towards the east, stepping up its relations with China, Russia, and India. This GIGA Talk seeks to shed light on this key strategic turn.

    GIGA Forum | 26/10/2022

    Making China Great Again? Political and Economic Implications of the 20th Chinese Communist Party Congress

    The 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is widely regarded as being set to be one of the most important political events of the year. Xi Jinping is expected to secure a third term as state president. In this GIGA Forum, experts will discuss the political and economic implications hereof. Video of event now online!

    Deutsche Welle | Mention | 18/11/2022

    Sudan's difficult path to democratic transition

    Sudanese protesters have been calling for the removal of a German diplomat from the UN mission to the country. Despite the fractious nature of post-dictatorship politics, there are some reasons for optimism.

    Salah Benhammou

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Jonathan Powell

    allAfrica | Mention | 18/11/2022

    Sudan: Nation's Difficult Path to Democratic Transition

    Sudanese protesters have been calling for the removal of a German diplomat from the UN mission to the country. Despite the fractious nature of post-dictatorship politics, there are some reasons for optimism.

    Salah Benhammou

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Jonathan Powell

    Podcast Tonspur Wissen | Interview | 11/11/2022

    Podcast "Tonspur Wissen": Wem nützt die WM in Katar?

    Die Welt zu Gast in einem Land, in dem Frauen wenig Rechte haben und in denen Homosexualität als Sünde gilt und unter Strafe steht. Das sorgt weltweit für Empörung. Wem nützt die WM in Katar und warum hat die FIFA das Land als Austragungsort gewählt? Ursula Weidenfeld im Gespräch mit Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz.

    Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies

    07/12/2022

    The Fight for Equal Rights and Freedom in Iran

    This GIGA Forum addresses the root causes of the protests in Iran and their significance at the domestic, regional, and international levels.

    30/11/2022

    Lecture series 'Entering Choppy Waters? Cooperation and Competition in the Indo-Pacific'

    University of Duisburg-Essen Duisburg: 30/11/2022

    Presentation on 'The East Asian Origins of the Democracy vs Autocracy Paradigm and its explanatory value for understanding Indo-Pacific Geopolitics'

    27/10/2022

    Iran: Pivot to the East amidst Domestic Repression

    As protests and human rights violations prevail in Iran, the Islamic Republic continues to orient itself towards the east, stepping up its relations with China, Russia, and India. This GIGA Talk seeks to shed light on this key strategic turn.

    President

    Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is President of the GIGA. Her research focuses on international negotiations, economic statecraft, and multilateralism. She has a special interest in India, Asia, and the BRICS.

    Office of the President

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