Sanctions

Russia's attack on Ukraine once again raises the question of the effectiveness of sanctions. Economic sanctions are a popular foreign policy tool for addressing a wide range of international challenges including conflicts, human rights violations, or terrorism. Learn more about GIGA's research on this topic.


  • Journal of Peace Research | 08/2022

    International Sanctions Termination, 1990–2018: Introducing the IST Dataset

    We introduce the International Sanctions Termination (IST) dataset that captures all EU, UN, US and regional sanctions between 1990 – 2018. We describe the data collection process, discuss IST’s compatibility with existing datasets, introduce new variables that focus on the design of sanctions and explore how they affect their termination.

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Bayern 2 - Radiowelt | Interview | 28/07/2022

    Die Wirkung der Russland-Sanktionen

    Interview zur Wirkung der Russland-Sanktionen mit Dr. Christian von Soest, Leitung des Forschungsschwerpunkts "Frieden und Sicherheit" am GIGA in Hamburg.

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Tagesspiegel | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 29/07/2022

    Vier Experten diskutieren: Was sind Verträge mit Putin überhaupt wert?

    Nach dem Beschuss der ukrainischen Hafenstadt Odessa soll das Getreideabkommen mit Russland jetzt anlaufen. Vier Experten erklären, womit zu rechnen ist.

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Friedensgutachten | 06/2022

    Nur Mittel zum Zweck: Erfolgsbedingungen von Sanktionen

    Sanktionen sind neben Verhandlungen eine zentrale Alternative zum Waffengang, um Völkerrechtsverletzungen zu begegnen. Oftmals werden sie aber verhängt, ohne Bedingungen für ihren Erfolg zu formulieren. Eine Neuorientierung der deutschen und europäischen Sanktionspolitik ist überfällig.

    Dr. Pascal Abb

    Prof. Dr. Michael Brzoska

    Prof. Dr. Christopher Daase

    Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitelhoff

    Anton Peez

    NDR Info | Interview | 27/06/2022

    Russland: Probleme bei der Waffenproduktion

    Dr. Christian von Soest in the NDR Info podcast "Streitkräfte und Strategien": Experts believe that Russia's income from arms deals will plummet. The reasons are the sanctions and the country's own needs.

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Deutsche Welle, Auf den Punkt | Other | 23/06/2022

    Kein Gas, kein Getreide: Sitzt Putin am längeren Hebel? | Auf den Punkt

    Russlands Krieg in der Ukraine hat weltweit gravierende Auswirkungen. Russische Energieunternehmen drosseln die Lieferungen als Reaktion auf die EU-Sanktionen - In Staaten wie Deutschland werden Gas und Öl knapp. In vielen afrikanischen Staaten bleiben wichtige Getreidelieferungen aus. "Auf den Punkt" fragt deshalb: Sitzt Putin am längeren Hebel?

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland (RND) | Quote | 23/06/2022

    Selenskyj fordert neue Sanktionen gegen Russland: Was ist überhaupt noch möglich?

    Der ukrainische Präsident Selenskyj hat den Westen aufgefordert, den Druck auf Russland zu erhöhen. Ein siebtes Paket mit schweren Sanktionen sollen die Mitglieder der Europäischen Union auf den Weg bringen – doch welche Möglichkeiten gibt es überhaupt noch?

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"



    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/06/2023

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2023

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    Research Project | 01/12/2011 - 01/12/2017

    Ineffective Sanctions? External Sanctions and the Persistence of Autocratic Regimes

    Despite various and often long-lasting international sanctions, numerous autocratic regimes such as Iran, Cuba, North Korea, Myanmar and Zimbabwe have proven to be extremely persistent. This project analyses the connection between external sanctions and persistence, taking into account especially regime-specific characteristics. With its nested research design the project closes the gap between highly aggregated quantitative analyses and individual case studies.
    Fritz Thyssen Foundation, 2011-2017

    Prof. Dr. Michael Brzoska

    Prof. T. Clifton Morgan

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Clara Portela

    Michael Wahman

    Journal of Peace Research | 08/2022

    International Sanctions Termination, 1990–2018: Introducing the IST Dataset

    We introduce the International Sanctions Termination (IST) dataset that captures all EU, UN, US and regional sanctions between 1990 – 2018. We describe the data collection process, discuss IST’s compatibility with existing datasets, introduce new variables that focus on the design of sanctions and explore how they affect their termination.

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Friedensgutachten | 06/2022

    Nur Mittel zum Zweck: Erfolgsbedingungen von Sanktionen

    Sanktionen sind neben Verhandlungen eine zentrale Alternative zum Waffengang, um Völkerrechtsverletzungen zu begegnen. Oftmals werden sie aber verhängt, ohne Bedingungen für ihren Erfolg zu formulieren. Eine Neuorientierung der deutschen und europäischen Sanktionspolitik ist überfällig.

    Dr. Pascal Abb

    Prof. Dr. Michael Brzoska

    Prof. Dr. Christopher Daase

    Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitelhoff

    Anton Peez

    Policy Paper | 02/2022

    Walking the Walk of values-based Diplomacy

    As the Russia-Ukraine conflict unfolds, Germany has finally undertaken epochal decisions to uphold the values of the international order by supporting Ukraine.

    Dr. Samir Saran

    GIGA Focus Middle East | 7/2021

    Raisi’s Foreign Policy: Pragmatic Revolutionism and the Iranian Pivot to Asia

    This GIGA Focus sheds light on the new Iranian conservative president Sayyid Ebrahim Raisi, and his doctrine of “pragmatic revolutionism.” The author analyses what the Iranian Asia-oriented foreign policy entails geopolitically and geoeconomically, and suggests how the multilateralist tendencies can be used by policymakers.

    Chapter in Edited Volume | 07/2021

    Iran and China along the Digital Silk Road

    GIGA Talk | 12/05/2022

    “If there is a ceasefire, people know the devil is coming”

    The consequences of ceasefires can be diverse, and are not necessarily positive. In this GIGA Talk, scholars and distinguished practitioners will discuss how research and experience from Syria can provide insights and practical strategies relevant for negotiating ceasefires in Ukraine. Video now online!

    GIGA Talk | 03/06/2021

    Cyber Sanctions: Increasing Application of the New Instrument

    In this GIGA Talk, we will talk about the both opportunities and risks of cyber sanctions and discuss how greater cooperation between the EU, the US, and the United Nations could combat malicious hacking attacks.

    GIGA Forum | 03/06/2021

    Cyber Sanctions: Increasing Application of the New Instrument

    In this GIGA Forum, we will talk about the both opportunities and risks of cyber sanctions and discuss how greater cooperation between the EU, the US, and the United Nations could combat malicious hacking attacks.

    Politiken | Quote | 14/09/2022

    Kun to mennesker kan stoppe krigen i Ukraine. I denne uge mødes de [Only two people can stop the war in Ukraine. This week they meet]

    Russian President Vladimir Putin and China's Xi Jinping will meet and most likely also discuss the Russian invasion of Ukraine. 

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Het Financieele Dagblad | Quote | 05/09/2022

    Mag gemeente wél van ‘Duits Gazprom’ kopen? [Can municipalities buy from 'German Gazprom'?]

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Tagesspiegel | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 29/07/2022

    Vier Experten diskutieren: Was sind Verträge mit Putin überhaupt wert?

    Nach dem Beschuss der ukrainischen Hafenstadt Odessa soll das Getreideabkommen mit Russland jetzt anlaufen. Vier Experten erklären, womit zu rechnen ist.

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    27/07/2022

    The War in Ukraine: Are Sanctions against Russia Ineffective?

    Presentation for fourth cohort of the New Bridge Program, Atlantik Brücke, in collaboration with the Brunswick Group

    30/06/2022

    Afrika und der Ukraine-Krieg

    Die Reaktion afrikanischer Staaten auf den russischen Krieg gegen die Ukraine fiel gemischt aus. Welche Interessen stecken hinter der zurückhaltenden Haltung vieler afrikanischer Staaten? Was bedeutet diese für das Verhältnis mit Europa und den USA? Welche Rolle spielt Russland heute in Afrika?

    31/05/2022

    The War in Ukraine and the Global South

    Talk with representatives 31/05/2022

    Upon the invitation of the Green Members of the European Parliament, GIGA President Prof. Amrita Narlikar provides her expertise through an input statement on "The War in Ukraine & the Global South" and in a round of debate with European Green members of the Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Development Committee.

    President

    Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is President of the GIGA. Her research focuses on international negotiations, economic statecraft, and multilateralism. She has a special interest in India, Asia, and the BRICS.

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