Climate Change and the Global South

We work on the politics of climate change. We investigate options to enable low and middle income countries to achieve lower-carbon trajectories without compromising economic development and poverty reduction and study the role of the Global South in international climate negotiations.


  • GIGA Focus Asia | 4/2022

    Competition and Cooperation: India and China in the Global Climate Regime

    Fighting climate change requires cooperation among all major emitters. This Focus explores the impact of growing tensions between India and China on the global climate regime, set in an increasingly multipolar order that defies clear divisions between partner and rival.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    Energy Research & Social Science | 09/2022

    Whither Rentierism Following the 2014 Oil Price Decline: Trajectories of Policy Adjustment in the Arab Gulf

    This paper looks at key trajectories of policy adjustment across member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)—a region shaped by state-controlled income from exporting hydrocarbons—since 2014, the year in which the price of crude oil dropped significantly.

    Dr. Thomas Richter

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Accountability and Participation" Editor GIGA Focus Middle East

    Raisina Debates | 04/2022

    All Roads connect Delhi and Brussels

    In the run-up to the Raisina Dialogue 2022, Prof. Amrita Narlikar and Dr. Samir Saran discuss in this publication the cooperation between India and the EU and the great potential that lies in collaborating on green transition, digital transformation, and maintaining the geopolitical landscape.

    Dr. Samir Saran

    GIGA Talk | 04/05/2022

    Climate Responsibilities of the “Great Powers”: Are they doing enough?

    The world is still not on track to meet the 1.5°C maximum warming target. The United States, China, the European Union, India, and Brazil – these “great powers” play a crucial role in fighting climate change. This GIGA Talk will address what has been achieved (or not) and how the “great powers” justify their respective actions or inaction. Video now online!

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 6/2021

    “Brazil must be back!” – But Real Climate Action Is Possible Only after Bolsonaro

    Brazil’s contribution to international climate protection is urgently needed, but during Bolsonaro’s presidency greenhouse gas emissions, support for agribusiness, and the repression of activists increased. Chances for a turnaround will come only with a change of president in the upcoming elections. An analysis.

    Anna Fünfgeld

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Focus Global | 1/2022

    Now and Never: Banning Hydrocarbon Extraction in Antarctica Forever

    Massive untapped mineral resources in Antarctica continue to be a central concern for diplomacy. As host of the next Antarctic meeting in May 2022, Germany now has the chance to revitalise high-level diplomacy and global cooperation on climate action with a forever ban on hydrocarbon extraction.

    Dr. Patrick Flamm

    Formerly Associate

    Prof. Dr. Alan D. Hemmings

    Panel Discussion | 09/11/2021

    Climate Migration: Implications for Peace Policy

    In order to maintain sustainable peace in times of global warming, German foreign policy must recognise the connection between climate change, migration and conflict and develop approaches to solutions. IFSH and GIGA jointly invite all interested parties to a digital discussion event.

    GIGA Focus Global | 7/2021

    Requirements for a Successful COP 26: Commitment, Responsibilities, Trust

    The agenda for the UN Climate Change Conference foresees the conclusion of negotiations on implementation rules for the Paris Agreement and the setting of more ambitious targets by the parties. The authors analyse the requirements for a successful COP 26 in Glasgow.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    Jan Klenke

    Doctoral Researcher


    Energy Research & Social Science | 09/2022

    Whither Rentierism Following the 2014 Oil Price Decline: Trajectories of Policy Adjustment in the Arab Gulf

    This paper looks at key trajectories of policy adjustment across member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)—a region shaped by state-controlled income from exporting hydrocarbons—since 2014, the year in which the price of crude oil dropped significantly.

    Dr. Thomas Richter

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Accountability and Participation" Editor GIGA Focus Middle East

    GIGA Focus Asia | 4/2022

    Competition and Cooperation: India and China in the Global Climate Regime

    Fighting climate change requires cooperation among all major emitters. This Focus explores the impact of growing tensions between India and China on the global climate regime, set in an increasingly multipolar order that defies clear divisions between partner and rival.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    Environment and Development Economics | 07/2022

    How Vulnerable are Small Firms to Energy Price Increases? Evidence from Mexico

    The vulnerability of small firms to price shocks may partly explain why fossil fuel subsidy removals in developing countries are so difficult to implement. This paper analyzes the effects of fuel and electricity price increases on profits of micro- and small-sized enterprises in Mexico.

    Raisina Debates | 04/2022

    All Roads connect Delhi and Brussels

    In the run-up to the Raisina Dialogue 2022, Prof. Amrita Narlikar and Dr. Samir Saran discuss in this publication the cooperation between India and the EU and the great potential that lies in collaborating on green transition, digital transformation, and maintaining the geopolitical landscape.

    Dr. Samir Saran

    GIGA Focus Global | 1/2022

    Now and Never: Banning Hydrocarbon Extraction in Antarctica Forever

    Massive untapped mineral resources in Antarctica continue to be a central concern for diplomacy. As host of the next Antarctic meeting in May 2022, Germany now has the chance to revitalise high-level diplomacy and global cooperation on climate action with a forever ban on hydrocarbon extraction.

    Dr. Patrick Flamm

    Formerly Associate

    Prof. Dr. Alan D. Hemmings

    GIGA Talk | 04/05/2022

    Climate Responsibilities of the “Great Powers”: Are they doing enough?

    The world is still not on track to meet the 1.5°C maximum warming target. The United States, China, the European Union, India, and Brazil – these “great powers” play a crucial role in fighting climate change. This GIGA Talk will address what has been achieved (or not) and how the “great powers” justify their respective actions or inaction. Video now online!

    Panel Discussion | 09/11/2021

    Climate Migration: Implications for Peace Policy

    In order to maintain sustainable peace in times of global warming, German foreign policy must recognise the connection between climate change, migration and conflict and develop approaches to solutions. IFSH and GIGA jointly invite all interested parties to a digital discussion event.

    GIGA Forum | 27/10/2021

    Final Chance for the 1.5 Degrees? Expectations for the UN Climate Conference in Glasgow

    At the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference, negotiations will be held on the measures and contributions to be made to achieve the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C. Experts will discuss the expectations of the COP26 and the roles of individual actors at this GIGA Forum/GIGA Talk.

    El Español | Quote | 06/09/2022

    El calor extremo siembra la próxima crisis del hambre. El verano que se nos cayó la venda (IV)

    Prof. Dr. Eckart Woertz

    Director of the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies

    Tagesschau24 | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 28/06/2022

    Guest Commentary on G7 Summit

    Miriam Prys-Hansen was invited to comment on the final day of the G7 Summit live on Tagesschau24. On three occasions, the addressed issues of the global order and the role of the G7, the Outreach process, summit results regarding enhancing climate change action and food security. 

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    Arirang TV Network | Arirang TV | Interview | 27/06/2022

    The Daily Report - G7 Summit Seeking United Front

    The interview was about the G7 summit, in particular expectations about agreements on climate change, food security, and obviously the Ukraine crises.

    Dr. Miriam Prys-Hansen

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Global Orders and Foreign Policies"

    28/09/2022 - 29/09/2022

    Sustainable Security of the Middle East: Climate Change, Challenges, and Prospects

    Atlantic Council Washington, DC: 28/09/2022 - 29/09/2022

    Conference with TRENDS Research and Advisory, Abu Dhabi

    23/09/2022

    Ernährungssicherheit Neu Denken

    Panel discussion 23/09/2022

    Podiumsdiskussion

    15/09/2022

    The Geopolitics of Renewables in the MENA

    Conference 15/09/2022

    President

    Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is President of the GIGA. Her research focuses on international negotiations, economic statecraft, and multilateralism. She has a special interest in India, Asia, and the BRICS.

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