Rural Transformations

Many rural areas in the Global South are facing tremendous challenges including persistent poverty, demographic pressure, climatic change and an eroding resource base. Competition for land and resources affects the lives of rural populations in multiple ways.


  • GIGA Seminar in Socio-Economics | 17/11/2022

    Ethnic Homogenization and Public Goods: Evidence from Kenya’s Land Reform Program

    Lecture by Juliette Crespin-Boucaud, Postdoctoral Research Fellow for the EthnicGoods project at the Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals (IBEI).

    Agrardebatten | Interview | 11/10/2022

    Produktivitätssteigerung und Nachhaltigkeit - Wie kann die Politik den Prozess unterstützen?

    Dr. Anette Ruml zu Gast im Podcast "Agrar aufs Ohr" von Agrardebatten.de.

    Dr. Anette Ruml

    Research Fellow

    Cooperation Event | 30/11/2022

    Der 10. Jahrestag der VGGT in Zeiten multipler Krisen: Ernährung durch Landrechte sichern

    In Zeiten multipler Krisen, wächst der Druck auf die Ressource Land ungebrochen. Aufbauend auf dem 10-jährige Jubiläum der VGGT unterstreicht das Panel mit u.a. Renate Künast, Mathias Mogge und Ellen O. Pratt, die Relevanz von gerechtem Landzugang für die globale Ernährungssicherung.

    Regional Environmental Change | 10/2022

    Scorched Earth Tactics of the “Islamic State” After its Loss of Territory: Intentional Burning of Farmland in Iraq and Syria

    This article examines the causes of uncontrolled and irregular fires within farmlands in parts of the two countries in 2019–2020 and quantify their extent spatiotemporally using a combination of medium and coarse-resolution satellite imagery, land cover, precipitation, temperature data, and multiple sources of armed violence data.

    Hadi H. Jaafar

    Lara Sujud

    Cooperation Event | 12/10/2022

    CFS 50 Side Event SE14: Human Rights in Global Land Acquisitions and Agricultural Supply Chains: Global Frameworks and Human Rights due Diligence

    To prevent human rights violations in global agricultural supply chains, various approaches exist at national, regional, and international levels. Yet, these approaches are often little aligned. The side event aims to explore potential synergies to improve enforcement of human rights in global agricultural production.

    Cooperation Event | 08/11/2022 - 09/11/2022

    Integrated Earth System Research Conference 2022

    This first ever conference on "Integrated Earth System Research" will be held on 8 and 9 November 2022 at Telegraphenberg, Potsdam. It is dedicated to scientific advances towards a coherent understanding of the increasing human impacts on the Earth system, their societal consequences, and respective governance challenges.

    American Journal of Agricultural Economics | 08/2022

    Technical Efficiency and Farmland Expansion: Evidence from Oil Palm Smallholders in Indonesia

    This study asks whether innovation in smallholder production reduces or accelerates land expansion. Even though innovation in agriculture has reduced land expansion globally, rebound effects can occur locally and often at the expense of vital ecosystem functions...

    Dr. Bernhard Dalheimer

    Bernhard Brümmer

    GIGA Seminar in Socio-Economics | 28/07/2022

    Leaders’ Role in Technology Adoption: Evidence from Mobile Banking in Ghana

    Lecture by Emma Riley, Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Washington


    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 31/12/2022

    Land-Based Investments in Global Supply Chains and the Protection of Vulnerable Groups

    The second phase of the research project “Large-Scale Land Acquisitions, Rural Change, and Social Conflict” focuses on the socio-economic impact of large-scale land acquisitions (LSLA) on local populations, particularly in terms of communal land rights and indigenous groups. Furthermore, it investigates the relationship between LSLA and global (agricultural) supply chains. The project aims to synthesise existing research and generate new evidence at the intersection of rural development and sustainable production and consumption.
    BMZ, 2022

    Research Project | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2026

    Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA)

    MIASA, based at the University of Legon, Ghana, is one of five Maria Sibylla Merian Centres for Advanced Studies, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research. Its overall aim is to work towards a reduction of global asymmetries in knowledge production and bridging the cultural divide between anglophone and francophone Africa. MIASA's thematical focus is on sustainable governance. The GIGA contributes to the Interdisciplinary Fellow Group on ‘Sustainable Rural Transformation’ and its outreach activities.
    BMBF, 2020-2026

    American Journal of Agricultural Economics | 08/2022

    Technical Efficiency and Farmland Expansion: Evidence from Oil Palm Smallholders in Indonesia

    This study asks whether innovation in smallholder production reduces or accelerates land expansion. Even though innovation in agriculture has reduced land expansion globally, rebound effects can occur locally and often at the expense of vital ecosystem functions...

    Dr. Bernhard Dalheimer

    Bernhard Brümmer

    Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy | 06/2022

    Effects of Contract Farming on Diets and Nutrition in Ghana

    Contract farming gained importance in many developing countries. Effects of contracting on smallholder farmers' incomes were analyzed in previous studies. In this article, the authors examine the effects of contract farming on dietary diversity and child anthropometrics, using survey data from the palm oil sector in Ghana.

    Dr. Bethelhem Legesse Debela

    Prof. Dr. Matin Qaim

    GIGA Working Papers | 05/2022

    Large-Scale Land Deals and Social Conflict: Evidence and Policy Implications

    How do large-scale land acquisitions increase the risk of conflict, and what kind of policies can mitigate this effect? The authors address these questions with a policy-oriented synthesis of prior research and develop policy recommendations in highlighting the need for regulatory frameworks, consultation, and transparency.

    Land Use Policy | 2022

    Smallholders in Agro-Industrial Production: Lessons for Rural Development from a Comparative Analysis of Ghana’s and Indonesia’s Oil Palm Sectors

    Dr. Daniel Chrisendo

    Dr. Abdul Malik Iddrisu

    Dr. Alhassan Abdul-Wakeel Karakara

    Dr. Nunung Nuryartono

    Prof. Dr. Evans Osabuohien

    One Earth | 05/2021

    Large-scale Land Acquisitions, Agricultural Trade, and Zoonotic Diseases: Overlooked Links

    Tropical deforestation and associated risks of emerging zoonotic diseases are being driven by large-scale land acquisitions for the production of agricultural exports. Current policies on land deals and agricultural trade fail to address this.

    Markus Giger

    Dr. Sandra Eckert

    Cooperation Event | 06/12/2022

    Sustainable Supply Chains in Times of Multiple Crises

    This year’s Forum on Globalization and Industrialization, taking place on 6 December, is organized under the theme “Sustainable Supply Chains in Times of Multiple Crises”, reinforcing collaboration between UNIDO, BMZ, IDOS, and the GIGA. Join this event either on-site in Vienna or online.

    Cooperation Event | 30/11/2022

    Der 10. Jahrestag der VGGT in Zeiten multipler Krisen: Ernährung durch Landrechte sichern

    In Zeiten multipler Krisen, wächst der Druck auf die Ressource Land ungebrochen. Aufbauend auf dem 10-jährige Jubiläum der VGGT unterstreicht das Panel mit u.a. Renate Künast, Mathias Mogge und Ellen O. Pratt, die Relevanz von gerechtem Landzugang für die globale Ernährungssicherung.

    GIGA Seminar in Socio-Economics | 17/11/2022

    Ethnic Homogenization and Public Goods: Evidence from Kenya’s Land Reform Program

    Lecture by Juliette Crespin-Boucaud, Postdoctoral Research Fellow for the EthnicGoods project at the Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals (IBEI).

    02/11/2022 - 03/11/2022

    Leibniz Environment and Development Symposium 2022

    Several German research institutes ATB, GIGA, IGZ, PIK, ZALF and ZMT – all members of the Leibniz association – have initiated the Leibniz Environment and Development Symposium (LEADS). The aim of LEADS is to foster interdisciplinary exchange and stimulate collaboration on global societal challenges.

    22/06/2022 - 23/06/2022

    Large-scale Agricultural Investments and Social Conflict—Experimental Evidence from Rural Liberia

    Cooperation Event 22/06/2022 - 23/06/2022

    09/02/2022 - 10/02/2022

    T20 Inception Conference

    Conference 09/02/2022 - 10/02/2022

    On the heels of the Handover Ceremony of the T20 presidency from Italy to Indonesia, the T20 Indonesia will host the Inception Conference as an opening meeting for the group of think tanks and research institutes. The Inception Conference will help to guide policy innovations during Indonesia’s G20 presidency that address priority areas ranging from climate change to digital transition, from social cohesion to growth and financial stability.

    President

    Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is President of the GIGA. Her research focuses on international negotiations, economic statecraft, and multilateralism. She has a special interest in India, Asia, and the BRICS.

    Office of the President

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