André Bank / Yannick Deepen / Julia Grauvogel / Sabine Kurtenbach

COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: An Inter- and Cross-Regional Comparison

GIGA Working Papers | 2022


  • Abstract

    This Working Paper examines the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on state and non-state violent actors in the Global South. We provide an ACLED-based interregional map-ping of trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Cross-regional case comparisons shed further light on the similarities and differences of countries characterised by long-term armed conflict (Colombia, Iraq, Nigeria) or having transitioned from authoritarianism but facing inequality and political exclusion (Chile, Tunisia, South Africa). We identify a temporal variation: Initially, state armed actors’ new responsibilities to implement COVID-19–related control measures led to an increase in violence against civilians, but over time there was a decrease. We also find that COVID-19 had an early demobilising effect vis-à-vis protest and mob violence, a consequence of lockdowns and mobility restrictions. Yet, protest has quickly returned to pre-pandemic levels in many countries, underlining continued – sometimes aggravated –grievances. Moreover, different violent actors’ responses to the pandemic were decisively shaped by their respective conflict histories.

    Reihe

    GIGA Working Papers

    Reihennummer

    329

    Seitenumfang

    55

    Verlag

    German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

    Erscheinungsort

    Hamburg

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    Forschungsprojekt | 01.05.2019 - 30.04.2022

    Context Matters – Country-Specific Politico-Economic Analyses, Conflict and Crisis Potentials, as well as Global and Regional Trends

    The realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals needs to be based on comprehensive knowledge of the specific contexts at various levels from the global to the local level. The three components of Context Matters provide annual information on actors and governance structures as well as on conflict potentials in the partner countries of German development cooperation. Important regional and global trends (trend analysis) for development cooperation are analysed with a comparative area perspective complementing these country analyses.
    BMZ, 2019-2022

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