Magna Inácio / Mariana Llanos

The Institutional Presidency from a Comparative Perspective: Argentina and Brazil since the 1980s

GIGA Working Paper, No. 259, October 2014

Argentina and Brazil are governed by presidents with extensive authority. But who influences their political agenda? Magna Inácio and Mariana Llanos look at the players in the background.

Abstract
This paper focuses on the evolution of the institutional presidency – meaning the cluster of agencies that directly support the chief of the executive – in Argentina and Brazil since their redemocratization in the 1980s. It investigates what explains the changes that have come about regarding the size of the institutional presidency and the types of agency that form it. Following the specialized literature, we argue that the growth of the institutional presidency is connected to developments occurring in the larger political system – that is, to the political challenges that the various presidents of the two countries have faced. Presidents adjust the format and mandate of the different agencies under their authority so as to better manage their relations with the political environment. In particular, we argue that the type of government (coalition or single‐party) has had consequences for the structure of the presidency or, in other words, that different cabinet structures pose different challenges to presidents. This factor has not played a significant role in presidency‐related studies until now, which have hitherto mostly been based on the case of the United States. Our empirical references, the presidencies of Argentina and Brazil, and typical cases of coalitional as well as single‐party presidentialism respectively all allow us to show the Impact of the type of government on the number and type of presidential agencies.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Mariana Llanos

Lead Research Fellow
Leitung FSP 1

Dr. Mariana Llanos ist Lead Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien und leitet den GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkt 1 „Verantwortlichkeit und Partizipation“. In ihrer Forschung beschäftigt sie sich mit vergleichenden politischen Institutionen, insbesondere Präsidentialismus, Amtszeitbeschränkungen und Justizpolitik. Sie leitet das von der DFG geförderte Projekt „The (In)stability of Presidential Term Limits in Africa and Latin America: Assessing the Impact of Tenure-Rule Reforms on the Political Regime“.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Mariana Llanos / Jayane Maia

Argentinien 2019: marode Wirtschaft, gestärkte Demokratie

GIGA Focus Lateinamerika, 06/2019

Mariana Llanos

The politics of presidential term limits in Argentina

in: Alexander Baturo / Robert Elgie (eds.), The politics of presidential term limits, Oxford University Press, 2019, 473-494

Mariana Llanos / Leany Lemos

Preferências Presidenciais? As indicações para o Supremo Tribunal Federal no Brasil Democrático

in: Marjorie Corrêa Marona / Andrés del Río (eds.), Justiça no Brasil: às margens da democracia, Belo Horizonte: Arraes Editores, 2018, 275-308

John M. Carey / Janvier Corrales / Mariana Llanos / Leiv Marsteintredet / Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

The threat of impeachment can push presidents out the door. But there’s a catch.

Washington Post, Monkey Cage, 2018

Sidney Chalhoub / Cath Collins / Mariana Llanos / Mónica Pachón / Keisha-Khan Y. Perry

Report of the LASA Fact-Finding Delegation on the Impeachment of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff

Latin American Studies Association, 2017