Thomas Richter / Christian Steiner

Sectoral Transformations in Neo-Patrimonial Rentier States: Tourism Development and State Policy in Egypt

GIGA Working Paper, No. 61, November 2007

Abstract
This article challenges claims that liberalising state regulated markets in developing countries may induce lasting economic development. The analysis of the rise of tourism in Egypt during the last three decades suggests that the effects of liberalisation and structural adjustment are constrained by the neo-patrimonial character of the Egyptian political system. Since the decline of oil rent revenues during the 1980s tourism development was the optimal strategy to compensate for the resulting fiscal losses. Increasing tourism revenues have helped in coping with macroeconomic imbalances and in avoiding more costly adjustment of traditional economic sectors. Additionally, they provided the private elite with opportunities to generate large profits. Therefore, sectoral transformations due to economic liberalisation in neo-patrimonial Rentier states should be described as a process, which has led to the diversification of external rent revenues, rather than to a general downsizing of the Rentier character of the economy.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Thomas Richter

Senior Research Fellow
Redaktion GIGA Focus Nahost

Dr. Thomas Richter ist Senior Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien und Mitglied in den Forschungsschwerpunkten „Politische Verantwortlichkeit und Partizipation“ und „Macht und Ideen“ des GIGA. Seine aktuellen Forschungsthemen beinhalten autoritäre Regime, Rentierstaatstheorie, die Repression von Zivilgesellschaft und Politikdiffusion.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Thomas Richter

New Petro-Aggression in the Middle East: Saudi Arabia in the Spotlight

Global Policy, 11, 2020, 1, 93-102

Martin Beck / Thomas Richter

Fluctuating Regional (Dis-)Order in the Post-Arab Uprising Middle East

Global Policy, 11, 2020, 1, 68-74

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Vom Überfluss zur Knappheit: Die arabischen Golfstaaten unter Druck

GIGA Focus Nahost, 06/2019

Thomas Richter

Oil and the Rentier State in the Middle East

in: Raymond Hinnebusch / Jasmine Gani (eds.), The Routledge Handbook to the Middle East and North African State and States System, London: Routledge, 2019, 225-237