Anika Becher / Matthias Basedau

Promoting Peace and Democracy through Party Regulation? Ethnic Party Bans in Africa

GIGA Working Paper, No. 66, January 2008

Abstract
Since the sweeping (re)introduction of multiparty systems in the early 1990s almost all sub-Saharan countries have introduced bans on ethnic or – in more general terms – particularistic parties. Such party bans have been neglected in research, and this paper engages in a preliminary analysis of their effects on democracy and peace. Theoretically, particularistic party bans can block particularisms from entering politics but also run the risk of forcing groups to resort to extra-legal or violent means. Neutral or context-dependent effects are also possible. Applying macro-qualitative comparison and bivariate statistics on the basis of a unique inventory of party bans and readily available indicators for the dependent variables, no simple connection can be detected. Rather, context conditions seem to be of superior explanatory power. We also find a systematic connection between party bans and variables that could be conceptualized as the causes of their implementation.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

Related Research Tabs

GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau

Direktor des GIGA Instituts für Afrika-Studien
Redaktion GIGA Focus Afrika

Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau ist Direktor des GIGA Instituts für Afrika-Studien und Professor für Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Hamburg. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind politische Institutionen und bewaffnete Konflikte, beides im besonderen Zusammenhang mit Ethnizität, natürlichen Ressourcen und Religion. Er ist zudem Regionalkoordinator für West- und Zentralafrika beim Bertelsmann Transformation Index.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Matthias Basedau

Party Systems in Africa

in: Nic Cheeseman (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming

Håvard Hegre / Marie Allansson / Matthias Basedau / Michael Colaresi / Mihai Croicu / Hanne Fjelde / Frederick Hoyles / Lisa Hultman / Stina Högbladh / Remco Jansen / Naima Mouhleb / Sayyed Auwn Muhammad / Desirée Nilsson / Håvard Mokleiv Nygård / Gudlaug Olafsdottir / Kristina Petrova / David Randahl / Espen Geelmuyden Rød / Gerald Schneider / Nina von Uexkull / Jonas Vestby

ViEWS: A political violence early-warning system

Journal of Peace Research, 56, 2019, 2, 155-174

Matthias Basedau / Johanna Schaefer-Kehnert

Religious discrimination and religious armed conflict in sub-Saharan Africa: an obvious relationship?

Religion, State and Society, 47, 2019, 1, 30-47

Matthias Basedau / Siri Aas Rustad / Elise Must

Do expectations on oil discoveries affect civil unrest? Micro-level evidence from Mali

Cogent Social Sciences, 4, 2018, 1