Mariana Llanos / Charlotte Heyl / Viola Lucas / Alexander Stroh / Cordula Tibi Weber

Ousted from the Bench? Judicial Departures in Consolidating Democracies

GIGA Working Paper, No. 300, April 2017

This paper deals with judicial departures in consolidating democracies. It investigates to what extent and under what conditions judges in those contexts are not able to decide on their departures themselves but are rather forced to leave due to pressure from the elected branches. We undertook a cross‐regional study of individual judicial departures in six consolidating democracies with elected presidents, three of them located in Latin America (Argentina, Chile, and Paraguay) and three in sub‐Saharan Africa (Benin, Madagascar, and Senegal). We developed a unique data set containing information on 143 high‐court judges in office since democratisation. We classified judicial departures as due and undue, and using a survival model we estimated the impact of institutional, political, personal, and contextual factors. The results indicate that undue judicial departures occur regardless of the region, but are most probable under the rule of politically powerful executives, and where there are lower levels of democracy and development.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Mariana Llanos

Lead Research Fellow
Leitung FSP 1

Dr. Mariana Llanos ist Lead Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien und leitet den GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkt 1 “Verantwortlichkeit und Partizipation”. Sie koordiniert das deutsche Team innerhalb des PROBRAL-Projekts “The Institutional Presidency in Latin America".

Dr. Charlotte Heyl ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien. In ihrer Doktorarbeit hat sie zum Einfluss von Verfassungsgerichten auf demokratische Wahlen in Madagaskar und Senegal geforscht. Derzeit arbeitet sie in dem von der DFG geförderten Projekt “The (In)stability of Presidential Term Limits in Africa and Latin America: Assessing the Impact of Tenure-Rule Reforms on the Political Regime”.

Dr. Viola Lucas ist Ökonomin und mit dem GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien assoziiert.

Prof. Dr. Alexander Stroh ist Juniorprofessor für die Politik Afrikas und Entwicklungspolitik an der Universität Bayreuth und mit dem GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien assoziiert.

Cordula Tibi Weber

Research Fellow / Doctoral Student

Cordula Tibi Weber ist Politikwissenschaftlerin und Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Mariana Llanos / Leany Lemos

Preferências Presidenciais? As indicações para o Supremo Tribunal Federal no Brasil Democrático

in: Marjorie Corrêa Marona / Andrés del Río (eds.), Justiça no Brasil: às margens da democracia, Belo Horizonte: Arraes Editores, 2018, 275-308

John M. Carey / Janvier Corrales / Mariana Llanos / Leiv Marsteintredet / Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

The threat of impeachment can push presidents out the door. But there’s a catch.

Washington Post, Monkey Cage, 2018

Christian von Soest / Alexander Stroh

Comparisons across World Regions: Managing Conceptual, Methodological, and Practical Challenges

in: Ariel I. Ahram / Patrick Köllner / Rudra Sil (eds.), Comparative Area Studies: Methodological Rationales and Cross-Regional Applications, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018, 66-84

Julia Grauvogel / Charlotte Heyl

Trotz aller Widrigkeiten: Demokratie in Afrika

GIGA Focus Afrika, 07/2017