Robert Kappel

New Horizons for Germany's Africa Policy

GIGA Working Paper, No. 303, May 2017

Abstract
This paper deals with Germany’s new Africa policy. The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) presented a new Africa concept in January 2017. The BMZ wants to counter the further marginalisation of Africa with inclusive and sustainable growth. Chancellor Angela Merkel will explain her new policy for Africa at the G20 summit in Hamburg in July 2017, in an attempt to gain the approval of the other G20 members for focused cooperation with Africa. The paper argues that it remains solely the duty of African states to take their development into their own hands. Cooperation can support this process, but it cannot assume what is each state’s individual responsibility.

The Marshall Plan with Africa aims to develop a joint agenda with the countries of Africa. Yet because the African countries did not participate in developing the concept, the plan derived so far is more of a plan for Africa, identifying which measures the BMZ would like to implement in order to contribute to sustainable and inclusive economic growth in Africa.

Africa is becoming increasingly differentiated, and developing a joint strategy with individual countries or groups of countries that reflects the varying speeds at which changes are occurring would be a decisive step. The plan does not cover sufficient ground on this issue. In order to develop a coherent Africa concept for the German federal government, the participation of the most important ministries needs to be improved, and the chancellor needs to be in charge of the overall management.

The paper concludes that Germanyʹs Africa policy needs to be redesigned. The Marshall Plan has generated a shift, but it does not provide sufficient guidance to new horizons and away from the well‐beaten track of traditional development cooperation. The departure to a new age that is defined by increased cooperation with democratic African countries which are capable of reform, and by a courageous and consistent stance in relation to non‐democratic countries, has not yet taken place.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Robert Kappel

Assoziiert
Redaktion GIGA Focus Afrika

Prof. Dr. Robert Kappel ist Senior Research Fellow am GIGA und war in den Jahren 2004 bis 2011 Präsident des GIGA. Seine Forschungen befassen sich mit zwei Hauptthemen: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklungen in Afrika sowie globale Machtverschiebungen und die neue Weltordnung.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Cord Jakobeit / Robert Kappel / Ulrich Mückenberger

Einleitung: Transnationale Akteure und Normbildungsnetzwerke

in: Cord Jakobeit / Robert Kappel / Ulrich Mückenberger (eds.), Transnationale Normbildungsnetzwerke, Baden-Baden: Nomos, forthcoming, 7-34

Juliane Brach / Robert Kappel

Normbildungsdynamiken in transnationalen Wertschöpfungsketten. Eine Forschungsagenda

in: Cord Jakobeit / Robert Kappel / Ulrich Mückenberger (eds.), Transnationale Normbildungsnetzwerke, Baden-Baden: Nomos, forthcoming, 107-141

Cord Jakobeit / Robert Kappel / Ulrich Mückenberger (eds.)

Transnationale Normbildungsnetzwerke

Baden-Baden: Nomos, forthcoming

Helmut Reisen / Robert Kappel

Der Migrationsdruck aus Afrika wird weiter steigen

Makronom, 2017

Robert Kappel / Helmut Reisen

Was in Hamburg fast unterging

IPG Journal, 2017