Presidents Who Die Too Soon and Presidents Who Live Too Long. Term Limits and Succession in Presidential and Semi-Presidential Regimes

  • This cooperation project researches two important rules defining the presidential mandates, i.e. presidential term limits and succession rules, and their intersection in the presidential regimes of Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.
    DAAD/PPP, 2019-2021


    Aline-Sophia Hirseland

    Doctoral Researcher

    Michael Alvarez

    Prof. Dr. Leiv Marsteintredet

    Åsgeir K. Rabben


    Prof. Dr. Mariana Llanos

    Lead Research Fellow


    The main goal of this project is to explore synergies between the research teams working at the GIGA and the University of Bergen. By building a joint team that embraces a large regional and in-depth country expertise, this cooperation seeks, on the one hand, to enhance the quality of the two individual research agendas in terms of data collection and quality and, on the other hand, to refine existing theories and jointly contribute new theoretical knowledge on the intersection of two important rules defining the presidential mandates, i.e. presidential term limits and succession rules. This cooperation builds upon previous cooperation between the principal investigators, a collaboration that in fact started ten years ago with a NRC/DAAD funded project and led to several joint publications.

    Beitrag zu internationaler Forschung

    This topic is highly relevant today when the world is experiencing a democratic backsliding. These new challenges to democracy often come from within rather than from outside the realm of civilian politics. Key to these processes are often incumbents' manipulation of both term limits and rules of succession. Combining the study of these two aspects of presidential regimes will allow us to explore better the mechanism and processes leading to democratic erosion. Curiously, while presidentialism and presidential powers are topics that have received a lot of scholarly attention, term limit rules and rules of succession are scarcely studied in conjunction. Although some large-N works already cover institutional reforms worldwide, specific country expertise is lacking on many cases, which is necessary for understanding causality and complexity in many of the cases where reforms of the two mentioned rules have been underway. The project aims to refine and add precision to existing data by bringing the two teams together.

    Forschungsdesign und Methoden

    This project aims at strengthening academic cooperation between the two involved teams and institutions as well as to training young scholars in the research of political institutions in the Global South. The involved researchers produce context-sensitive research on political institutions in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, which expands and complements broad data indicators being used for quantitative purposes. Within the framework of the project, the research teams meet twice a year over two years in the two hosting institutions, where methodological questions are discussed along the substantive issues of the project.

    Legislative Studies Quarterly | 05.2021

    Oversight or Representation? Public Opinion and Impeachment Resolutions in Argentina and Brazil

    Prof. Dr. Mariana Llanos

    Lead Research Fellow

    Prof. Dr. Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

    Congress & the Presidency | 07.2021

    Impeaching the President: Mapping the Political Landscape in the House of Representatives

    Das Ziel der Autor:innen ist es, zu erklären, warum und unter welchen Bedingungen Gesetzgeber Amtsenthebungsanträge gegen den Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten (mit)unterstützen. Wir untersuchen die Auswirkungen politischer, institutioneller und wirtschaftlicher Variablen auf das Verhalten der Abgeordneten.

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Christopher Martínez

    Prof. Dr. Raymond Tatalovich

    GIGA Focus Lateinamerika | 4/2021

    Die politischen Grenzen von Amtsenthebungsverfahren: Lektionen aus Lateinamerika

    In präsidentiellen Demokratien sind Amtsenthebungsverfahren ein wichtiger Mechanismus zur Kontrolle der exekutiven Befugnisse. GIGA-Expertin Prof. Mariana Llanos und Prof. Leiv Marsteintredet zeigen im GIGA Focus, dass Amtsenthebungsverfahren jedoch auch die Tür für parteipolitische Interessen und Opportunismus öffnen können.

    Prof. Dr. Mariana Llanos

    Lead Research Fellow

    Prof. Dr. Leiv Marsteintredet


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