Bert Hoffmann

Why Reform Fails: The ‘Politics of Policies’ in Costa Rican Telecommunications Liberalization

GIGA Working Paper, No. 47, April 2007

Abstract
As the 'Washington Consensus' reforms are losing momentum in Latin America, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is calling for shifting the focus from the content of policy choices to the political process of their implementation. As this paper studies the paradigmatic case of telecommunications reform in Costa Rica it underscores the importance of these 'politics of policies'. The analysis finds, however, that the failure of repeated liberalization initiatives was not only due to policy-makers' errors in steering the project through 'the messy world of politics' (IDB); instead, as liberalization remained unpopular, policy content indeed mattered, and only the interaction of both explains the outcome. Particular attention is drawn to the political feed-back effects, as the failed reform, precisely because it had been backed by bi-partisan support, became a catalyst for the disintegration of the country's long-standing two-party system.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann

Lead Research Fellow
Leitung GIGA Berlin Büro

Prof. Dr. Bert Hoffmann ist Lead Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien, Leiter des GIGA Berlin-Büros und Professor für Politikwissenschaft an der Freien Universität Berlin. Er arbeitet zur politischen und sozialen Entwicklung Lateinamerikas und der Karibik und ist Senior Researcher im EU-Jean Monnet-Netzwerk-Projekt „Europe-Cuba Forum“.

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