Sabine Kurtenbach

Why Is Liberal Peace-building So Difficult? Some Lessons from Central America

GIGA Working Paper, No. 59, September 2007

The termination of war is mostly seen as a basis not just for recovery but for a fundamental transformation or change in development paths towards peace, stability and development. The Central American peace processes of the last decades were one of the first laboratories for the liberal peace-building paradigm which assumes that the threefold transformation to peace, democracy and market economy is a self-strengthening process leading to sustainable development. Although none of the three countries slipped back into war, serious deficits remain. This paper introduces an analytical framework that aims at interrelating the threefold transformation with the impact generated by four processes. These include the repercussions generated by the international system on a country’s society, its historical, cultural and social foundations, the legacies of violence and the peacebuilding initiatives the country concerned has witnessed. The comparative analysis of changes in the public security sector, the political system, conflict resolution and the use of resources show why there is so much path dependency that can explain the deficits of transformation.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

Lead Research Fellow
Gesamtredaktion GIGA Focus
Redaktion GIGA Focus Global

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach ist Politikwissenschaftlerin, kommissarische Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien und Honorarprofessorin an der Philipps-Universität Marburg. Sie forscht zu Frieden, Konflikten und Gewalt mit regionalem Schwerpunkt Lateinamerika, aber auch darüber hinaus.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Héctor Morales-Muñoz / Srijna Jha / Michelle Bonatti / Henryk Alff / Sabine Kurtenbach / Stefan Sieber

Explaining Connections - Environmental Change, Food Security and Violence as Drivers of Migration - A Critical Review of Research

Sustainability, forthcoming

Sabine Kurtenbach / Nadine Ansorg

Security Sector Reform After Armed Conflict

in: (ed.), The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

Sabine Kurtenbach

Lateinamerika – Multilateralismus ohne liberale Werte

GIGA Focus Lateinamerika, 07/2019

Sabine Kurtenbach

The limits of peace in Latin America

Peacebuilding, 7, 2019, 3, 283-296

Sabine Kurtenbach / Angelika Rettberg

War economies and post-war crime

London: Routledge Francis and Taylor Group, 2019