Joachim Betz / Melanie Hanif

The Formation of Preferences in Two-level Games: An Analysis of India’s Domestic and Foreign Energy Policy

GIGA Working Paper, No. 142, July 2010

Abstract
This paper examines the formation of India’s energy‐policy strategy as an act of doubleedged diplomacy. After developing an analytical framework based on the two‐level game approach to international relations (IR), it focuses on the domestic context of policy preference formation. India’s energy strategy is shaped by a shortage of energy and the scarcity of indigenous reserves; these problems have together resulted in a growing import dependence in order to sustain economic growth rates, outdated cross‐subsidies, overregulation, and nontransparent bureaucratic structures which are adverse to private investment. The Indian government still dominates the energy sector, but large electoral constituencies within the country exert a considerable indirect influence. The paper analyzes how all these domestic necessities combine with India’s general foreign policy goals and traditions to form an overall energy strategy. We finally discuss how this strategy plays out in a competitive international environment where global resources are shrinking (with most claims already distributed) and environmental concerns are on the rise.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Joachim Betz ist ein Associate am GIGA Institut für Asien-Studien. Seine fachlichen Schwerpunkte sind unter anderem Politik und Wirtschaft Südasiens, Klimapolitik, Entwicklungsfinanzierung und Good Governance.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Joachim Betz

India's Social Policies: Recent Changes for the Better and Their Causes

GIGA Working Paper, No. 314, January 2019

Daniel Neff / Joachim Betz

Geschlechtergerechtigkeit als internationale Aufgabe: Indien in der G20

GIGA Focus Asien, 03/2017

Joachim Betz / Daniel Neff

Social Policy Diffusion in South Asia

Journal of Asian Public Policy, 10, 2017, 1, 25-39

Joachim Betz

(Keine) Wege aus dem Energie- und Klimadilemma

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 66, 2016, 12-13, 25-31