Alexander De Juan / André Bank

The Effects of Regime Cooptation on the Geographical Distribution of Violence: Evidence from the Syrian Civil War

GIGA Working Paper, No. 222, May 2013

Abstract
Is violent opposition less likely to occur in subnational regions that have been treated preferentially by the respective country’s ruling elite? Many authoritarian regimes try to secure political support by providing critical segments of the population with privileged access to economic or political rents. This study is interested in the effects of this strategy. Our empirical analysis is based on crowdsourcing data on the number and geospatial distribution of fatalities in the Syrian civil war. We also use satellite images of the earth at night to measure spatial variations in access to electricity across Syrian subdistricts; these data are complemented with information from the last Syrian population census. Estimations of fixed‐effects logit models confirm the hypothesis that the risk of violence has been lower in subdistricts that had been favored by the ruling regime in terms of preferential access to electricity in times of power shortages.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Alexander De Juan ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien. Zu seinen Forschungsschwerpunkten gehören die Rolle von Institutionen und Identitäten in Bürgerkriegen sowie Fragen des externen Staatsaufbaus in Nachkriegsgesellschaften.

Dr. André Bank ist Senior Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien. Gegenwärtig leitet er das von der Deutschen Stiftung Friedensforschung (DSF) geförderte Projekt „Neben-Kriegsschauplätze: Der Syrienkrieg in Jordanien“. Zudem ist er Sprecher des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten Forschungsnetzwerks „International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes“ (IDCAR). Zu seinen Forschungsschwerpunkten gehören Autoritarismus, Konfliktdynamiken und regionale Ordnung im Nahen Osten.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

André Bank

Comparative Area Studies and the Study of Middle East Politics after the Arab Uprisings

in: Ariel I. Ahram / Patrick Köllner / Rudra Sil (eds.), Comparative Area Studies: Methodologies Rationales and Cross-Regional Applications, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018, 119-129

Alexander De Juan / Jan Pierskalla

The Comparative Politics of Colonialism and Its Legacies: An Introduction

Politics & Society, 45, 2017, 2, 159-172

Alexander De Juan

Geospatial Analyses of Non-State Actors in Violent Conflicts

in: Andreas Kruck / Andrea Schneiker (eds.), Researching Non-state Actors in International Security. Theory and Practice, Abingdon / New York: Routledge, 2017, 143-158

Alexander De Juan / Eva Wegner

Social Inequality, State-centered Grievances, and Protest: Evidence from South Africa

Journal of Conflict Resolution, online first, 2017, 1-28