Sabine Kurtenbach

State-Building, War and Violence: Evidence from Latin America

GIGA Working Paper, No. 181, November 2011

Abstract
In European history, war has played a major role in state‐building and the state monopoly on violence. But war is a very specific form of organized political violence, and it is decreasing on a global scale. Other patterns of armed violence now dominate, ones that seem to undermine state‐building, thus preventing the replication of European experiences. As a consequence, the main focus of the current state‐building debate is on fragility and a lack of violence control inside these states.

Evidence from Latin American history shows that the specific patterns of the termination of both war and violence are more important than the specific patterns of their organization. Hence these patterns can be conceptualized as a critical juncture for state‐building. While military victories in war, the subordination of competing armed actors and the prosecution of perpetrators are conducive for state‐building, negotiated settlements, coexistence, and impunity produce instability due to competing patterns of authority, legitimacy, and social cohesion.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

Komm. Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien
Gesamtredaktion GIGA Focus
Redaktion GIGA Focus Global

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach ist Politikwissenschaftlerin, kommissarische Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien und Honorarprofessorin an der Philipps-Universität Marburg. Sie forscht zu Frieden, Konflikten und Gewalt mit regionalem Schwerpunkt Lateinamerika, aber auch darüber hinaus.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Sabine Kurtenbach / Adam Scharpf

Das Militär kehrt zurück

GIGA Focus Lateinamerika, 07/2018

Sabine Kurtenbach

Judicial Reform – A Neglected Dimension of SSR in El Salvador

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, online first, 2018

Sabine Kurtenbach / Angelika Rettberg

Understanding the relation between war economies and post-war crime

Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 3, 2018, 1 (Special Issue: War economies and post-war crime), 1-8

Sabine Kurtenbach / Angelika Rettberg

Special Issue: War economies and post-war crime

Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 3, 2018, 1 / Special Issue (guest editors)

Sabine Kurtenbach

Den Status quo verändern – Jugendliche als Friedensakteure

GIGA Focus Global, 01/2018