Detlef Nolte / Francisco Sánchez

Representing Different Constituencies: Electoral Rules in Bicameral Systems in Latin America and Their Impact on Political Representation

GIGA Working Paper, No. 11, November 2005

Abstract
This article analyzes the quantitative (mechanical) effects and qualitative (perceptions) effects on political representation of the election of two separate chambers in Latin America’s bicameral systems. After discussing the spread and strength of bicameralism in Latin America, we compare the different electoral systems for lower chambers and Senates. Our study shows that in a region characterized by relatively high levels of malapportionment in the first chamber, the second chamber reinforces the malapportionment in parliament. Representation tends to be much more disproportional in the upper chamber than in the lower house. Moreover, the differences in the electoral systems and district magnitudes for both chambers make it more difficult for women to win a seat in the Senate.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

Related Research Tabs

GIGA AutorInnen

Prof. Dr. Detlef Nolte ist Direktor des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien (2006-Mai 2018) und Professor für Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Hamburg. Er forscht zu politischen Institutionen in Lateinamerika, regionaler Zusammenarbeit und den internationalen Beziehungen Lateinamerikas.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Peter Birle / Detlef Nolte (eds.)

50 Jahre Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutsche Lateinamerikaforschung ADLAF

Frankfurt am Main: ADLAF, 2019

Detlef Nolte

Lo bueno, lo malo, lo feo y lo necesario: pasado, presente y futuro del regionalismo Latinoamericano

Revista uruguaya de ciencia política, 28, 2019, 1, 131-156

Andrés Serbin / Andrei Serbin Pont (eds.)

Why should the European Union have any relevance for Latin America and the Caribbean?

Hamburg: EU-LAC Foundation, 2019

Detlef Nolte / Luicy Pedroza / Gino Pauselli

The Area of Human Rights, Refugees and Migration

Why should the European Union have any relevance for Latin America and the Caribbean?, 2019, 59-71