Julia Grauvogel

Regional Sanctions against Burundi: A Powerful Campaign and Its Unintended Consequences

GIGA Working Paper, No. 255, September 2014

Sanktionen sind ein wesentliches Instrument der internationalen Politik, erzeugen aber häufig Gegenaktionen der betroffenen Regierung. So auch in Burundi - mit unerwarteten Folgen, zeigt Julia Grauvogel.

Abstract
This paper examines the impact of regionally imposed sanctions on the trajectory of the Burundian regime and its involvement in the peace process following the 1996 coup in the country. Despite the country’s socioeconomic and geopolitical vulnerability, the Buyoya government withstood the pressure from the sanctions. Through a vocal campaign against these sanctions, the new government mitigated the embargo’s economic consequences and partially reestablished its international reputation. Paradoxically, this campaign planted the seed for comprehensive political concessions in the long term. While previous literature has attributed the sanctions’ success in pressuring the government into negotiations to their economic impact, the government actually responded to the sanction senders’ key demand to engage in unconditional, inclusive peace talks under the auspices of the regional mediator once the economy had already started to recover. The regime’s anti‐sanctions campaign, with its emphasis on the government’s willingness to engage in peace talks, backfired, with Buyoya forced to negotiate after having become entrapped in his own rhetoric.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow
Sprecherin Forschungsteam

Dr. Julia Grauvogel ist Senior Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien, Sprecherin des Forschungsteams „Interventionen und Sicherheit“ sowie Herausgerberin der Fachzeitschrift Africa Spectrum. Zu ihren Forschungsschwerpunkten gehören internationale Sanktionen, Autoritarismus und die Legitimationsstrategien nichtdemokratischer Regime. Sie leitet das Forschungsprojekt „Die Beendigung internationaler Sanktionen: Ursachen, Prozesse und innerstaatliche Folgen“, das von der DFG finanziert wird.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Julia Grauvogel / Navin Bapat / Bryan Early / Katja B. Kleinberg

The Design and Enforcement of Economic Sanctions

International Studies Perspectives, forthcoming

Julia Grauvogel / Hana Attia

How Do International Sanctions End? Towards a Process-Oriented, Relational, and Signalling Perspective

GIGA Working Paper, No. 320, January 2020

Hana Attia / Julia Grauvogel

Einfacher zu verhängen als aufzuheben: Die langwierige Beendigung von Sanktionen

GIGA Focus Global, 05/2019

Julia Grauvogel / Hana Attia

Wie enden internationale Sanktionen? Zur Bedeutung von Prozessen, Beziehungen und Signalen

Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen, 26, 2019, 2, 5-33

Julia Grauvogel / Christian von Soest

Identity, procedures and performance: how authoritarian regimes legitimize their rule

in: Alexander Dukalskis / Johannes Gerschewski (eds.), Justifying Dictatorship: Studies in Autocratic Legitimation, Routledge, 2018, 37-55