Daniel Lambach

Oligopolies of Violence in Post-Conflict Societies

GIGA Working Paper, No. 62, November 2007

In post‐conflict societies, security is provided by a broad range of actors including the state as well as various non‐state formations. The paper identifies three types of post‐conflict societies and analyses dynamics of the security market in cases where international troops have intervened. A comparison of seven countries shows that intervention forces were able to establish themselves as market leaders when a disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) program was successfully conducted in the immediate post‐conflict period. Such a program should be embedded in an inclusive peace agreement that is backed up by a credible and robust troop commitment from the international community.

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