Andreas Mehler

Not Always in the People’s Interest: Power-sharing Arrangements in African Peace Agreements

GIGA Working Paper, No. 83, July 2008

Abstract
Peace agreements form a crucial element of strategies to bring security from outside: they involve third-party mediators during the negotiation stage and often peacekeeping troops to guarantee the agreement at an implementation stage. Peace roundtables usually involve top politicians and military leaders, who negotiate, sign, and/or benefit from the agreement. What is usually and conspicuously absent from peace negotiations is broad-based participation by those who should benefit in the first place: citizens. More specifically, the local level of security provision and insecurity production is rarely taken into account. This paper reviews parts of the academic debate on power sharing and war termination, touching on some key findings by the main researchers working on the topic. The ambivalent African experience with Arend Lijphart’s four main ingredients of consociational democracy (grand coalition, minority veto, proportional representation, group autonomy) is summarized. Recent major African peace agreements (1999-2007) are analyzed, and their power-sharing content detailed. Most agreements contain some—though varying—power-sharing devices. Most striking is the variation regarding the important question of who is sharing power with whom. Obviously, only those present at the negotiation table can really count on being included in major ways. Finally, three country cases are analyzed over a longer time period: Côte d’Ivoire (2002-2007), Liberia (1994-2003), and Central African Republic (1996-2007). The conclusion focuses on the factors of failure of peace agreements that place a heavy emphasis on power sharing.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

Related Research Tabs

GIGA AutorInnen

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Andreas Mehler / Marcus Seuser

Meinungsfreiheit in Afrika unter Druck

GIGA Focus Afrika, 04/2015

Franzisca Zanker / Claudia Simons / Andreas Mehler

Power, Peace, and Space in Africa: Revisiting Territorial Power Sharing

African Affairs, 114, 2015, 454, 72-91

Andreas Mehler

Konferenzbericht: Adapting Institutions: A Comparative Area Studies Perspective

ASIEN: The German Journal on Contemporary Asia, 2014, 132, 116-118

Andreas Mehler

Pathways to Elite Insecurity / Fieldsights - Hot Spots (Central African Republic)

Cultural Anthropology, Fieldsights - online, 2014