Maria Bondes

Negotiating Political Spaces: Social and Environmental Activism in the Chinese Countryside

GIGA Working Paper, No. 173, July 2011

Abstract
The proliferation of social organizations in China has engendered a lively debate about how to conceptualize these social forces. This paper argues that such a conceptualization should take into account the role that both the party‐state and social actors attribute to social organizations. With an empirical case study from the western Chinese countryside, this paper explores how social organizations both adapt to the restrictive authoritarian framework and negotiate the spaces opening up to society in the realms of environmental and social politics. The study shows that while the party‐state understands organizations as consultants and partners in service provision, they have a deviating self‐image with the Western concepts of "NGO" and "civil society" becoming increasingly relevant as frames of reference. While their practices remain within the limits imposed by the authoritarian framework, they impact policy formulation, local political participation, and the formation of social networks according to their own self‐image as members of a budding Chinese civil society.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Maria Bondes

Chinese environmental contention: linking up against waste incineration

Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019

Maria Bondes / Björn Alpermann

Networked Contention against Waste Incinerators in China: Brokers, Linkages and Dynamics of Diffusion

in: Teresa Wright (ed.), Handbook of Dissent and Protest in China, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, 253-265

Thomas Johnson / Maria Bondes (eds.)

Chinese Environmental Actors Linking Up: Towards an Environmental Movement?

Journal of Contemporary China, 26, 2017, 106

Maria Bondes / Thomas Johnson

Beyond Localized Environmental Contention: Horizontal and Vertical Diffusion in a Chinese Anti-Incinerator Campaign

Journal of Contemporary China, 26, 2017, 106, 504-520

Maria Bondes / Günter Schucher

Derailed Emotions: The Transformation of Claims and Targets during the Wenzhou Online Incident

in: Wenhong Chen (ed.), The Internet, Social Networks and Civic Engagement in Chinese Societies, London/New York: Routledge, 2015, 45-65