Jann Lay / Kerstin Nolte / Kacana Sipangule

Large-Scale Farms and Smallholders: Evidence from Zambia

GIGA Working Paper, No. 310, February 2018

Abstract
In light of the surge in large‐scale farms in developing countries, concerns have been raised that smallholders may be negatively affected. There is, however, very little evidence beyond case studies to support these claims. Drawing on nationally representative household data sets and an inventory of large‐scale farms in Zambia, this study investigates the relationship between large‐scale farms and smallholders. First, we analyse the geographical contexts of wards that host large-scale farms and show that large-scale farms are found in wards with good infrastructure and soil quality. Second, we adopt a difference-in-differences approach to estimate the impacts of large‐scale farms on smallholders’ area cultivated, maize yields, and access to fertiliser. We find that smallholders in wards with large-scale farms increase their area cultivated and maize yields, but have lower fertiliser usage. This hints at positive spillovers at the extensive and intensive margins but not at improved access to agricultural inputs. It is likely that these results are also driven by the emergence of medium‐scale farms in these regions.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Apl. Prof. Dr. Jann Lay ist Leiter des GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkts 3 „Wachstum und Entwicklung“. Zudem ist er außerplanmäßiger Professor für Entwicklungsökonomie an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. Seine Forschung beschäftigt sich mit verschiedenen Aspekten wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung im Globalen Süden, insbesondere in Afrika, beispielsweise mit (informeller) Beschäftigung und Arbeitsmärkten, den Auswirkungen sogenannter „Land grabs“ sowie Energie- und Klimathemen.

Dr. Kerstin Nolte ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien.und Sprecherin des Forschungsteams Nachhaltige Entwicklung im GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkts 3: Wachstum und Entwicklung.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Sebastian Renner / Jann Lay / Michael Schleicher

The effects of energy price changes: heterogeneous welfare impacts and energy poverty in Indonesia

Environment and Development Economics, online first, 2018

Insa Flachsbarth / Simone Schotte / Jann Lay / Alberto Garrido

Rural structural change, poverty and income distribution: evidence from Peru

The Journal of Economic Inequality, 16, 2018, 4, 631-653

Sebastian Renner / Jann Lay / Hannes Greve

Household welfare and CO2 emission impacts of energy and carbon taxes in Mexico

Energy Economics, 72, 2018, 222-235

Jann Lay

Micro-econometric and Micro-Macro Linked Models: Sequential Macro-Micro Modelling with Behavioral Microsimulations

in: Christian Henning / Ousmane Badiane / Eva Krampe (eds.), Development Policies and Policy Processes in Africa: Modeling and Evaluation, Cham: Springer, 2018, 117-136