Jann Lay / Kerstin Nolte / Kacana Sipangule

Large-Scale Farms and Smallholders: Evidence from Zambia

GIGA Working Paper, No. 310, February 2018

Abstract
In light of the surge in large‐scale farms in developing countries, concerns have been raised that smallholders may be negatively affected. There is, however, very little evidence beyond case studies to support these claims. Drawing on nationally representative household data sets and an inventory of large‐scale farms in Zambia, this study investigates the relationship between large‐scale farms and smallholders. First, we analyse the geographical contexts of wards that host large-scale farms and show that large-scale farms are found in wards with good infrastructure and soil quality. Second, we adopt a difference-in-differences approach to estimate the impacts of large‐scale farms on smallholders’ area cultivated, maize yields, and access to fertiliser. We find that smallholders in wards with large-scale farms increase their area cultivated and maize yields, but have lower fertiliser usage. This hints at positive spillovers at the extensive and intensive margins but not at improved access to agricultural inputs. It is likely that these results are also driven by the emergence of medium‐scale farms in these regions.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Apl. Prof. Dr. Jann Lay ist Lead Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien und Leiter des GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkts 3 „Wachstum und Entwicklung“. Zudem ist er außerplanmäßiger Professor für Entwicklungsökonomie an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. Seine Forschung beschäftigt sich mit verschiedenen Aspekten wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung im Globalen Süden, insbesondere in Afrika, beispielsweise mit (informeller) Beschäftigung und Arbeitsmärkten, den Auswirkungen sogenannter „Land grabs“ sowie Energie- und Klimathemen.

Dr. Kerstin Nolte ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien.und Sprecherin des Forschungsteams Nachhaltige Entwicklung im GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkts 3: Wachstum und Entwicklung.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Jann Lay / Kerstin Nolte / Kacana Sipangule

Large-Scale Farms in Zambia: Locational Patterns and Spillovers to Smallholder Agriculture

World Development, forthcoming

Insa Flachsbarth / Jann Lay / Kerstin Nolte / Angela Harding / Ward Anseeuw / Jeremy Bourgoin

Responsible Large-Scale Agricultural Investments in and by G20 Countries: A Call for more Transparency

Policy Brief, Task Force 10: Sustainable Energy, Water, and Food Systems, 2020

Tabea Lakemann / Jann Lay / Tevin Tafese

Afrika nach den COVID-19-Lockdowns: wirtschaftliche Auswirkungen und Perspektiven

GIGA Focus Afrika, 06/2020

Kerstin Nolte

Doomed to Fail? Why Some Land-Based Investment Projects Fail

Applied Geography, 11, 2020, 102268