Mariana Llanos / Cordula Tibi Weber / Charlotte Heyl / Alexander Stroh

Informal Interference in the Judiciary in New Democracies: A Comparison of Six African and Latin American Cases

GIGA Working Paper, No. 245, April 2014

Abstract
This paper assesses the extent to which elected power holders informally intervene in the judiciaries of new democracies, an acknowledged but under‐researched topic in studies of judicial politics. The paper first develops an empirical strategy for the study of informal interference based on perceptions recorded in interviews, then applies the strategy to six third‐wave democracies, three in Africa (Benin, Madagascar and Senegal) and three in Latin America (Argentina, Chile and Paraguay). It also examines how three conditioning factors affect the level of informal judicial interference: formal rules, previous democratic experience, and socioeconomic development. Our results show that countries with better performance in all these conditioning factors exhibit less informal interference than countries with poorer or mixed performance. The results stress the importance of systematically including informal politics in the study of judicial politics.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Mariana Llanos

Lead Research Fellow
Leitung FSP 1

Dr. Mariana Llanos ist Lead Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien und leitet den GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkt 1 “Verantwortlichkeit und Partizipation”. Sie koordiniert das deutsche Team innerhalb des PROBRAL-Projekts “The Institutional Presidency in Latin America".

Cordula Tibi Weber

Research Fellow / Doctoral Student

Cordula Tibi Weber ist Politikwissenschaftlerin und Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien.

Dr. Charlotte Heyl

Research Fellow
Sprecherin Forschungsteam

Dr. Charlotte Heyl ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien. In ihrer Doktorarbeit hat sie zum Einfluss von Verfassungsgerichten auf demokratische Wahlen in Madagaskar und Senegal geforscht. Derzeit arbeitet sie in dem von der DFG geförderten Projekt “The (In)stability of Presidential Term Limits in Africa and Latin America: Assessing the Impact of Tenure-Rule Reforms on the Political Regime”.

Prof. Dr. Alexander Stroh ist Juniorprofessor für die Politik Afrikas und Entwicklungspolitik an der Universität Bayreuth und mit dem GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien assoziiert.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Mariana Llanos

The politics of presidential term limits in Argentina

in: Alexander Baturo / Robert Elgie (eds.), The politics of presidential term limits, Oxford University Press, 2019, 473-494

Charlotte Heyl

Senegal (1970-2016): presidential term limit reforms never come alone

in: Alexander Baturo / Robert Elgie (eds.), The politics of presidential term limits, Oxford University Press, 2019, 339-361

Charlotte Heyl

The judiciary and the rule of law in Africa

in: Oxford University Press (ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia , Oxford University Press, 2019

Mariana Llanos / Leany Lemos

Preferências Presidenciais? As indicações para o Supremo Tribunal Federal no Brasil Democrático

in: Marjorie Corrêa Marona / Andrés del Río (eds.), Justiça no Brasil: às margens da democracia, Belo Horizonte: Arraes Editores, 2018, 275-308