Felix Haaß / Sabine Kurtenbach / Julia Strasheim

Fleeing the Peace? Determinants of Outward Migration after Civil War

GIGA Working Paper, No. 289, August 2016

Abstract
In countries where civil war has formally ended, not all refugees return. Nor does emigration come to a halt. Why? We argue that three specific features of post‐war situations explain the varying levels of outward migration: the quality of peace, the quality of political institutions, and the quality of economic livelihoods. We test our hypotheses using a mixed-method research design that combines a series of statistical models with evidence from two case studies, Nepal and El Salvador. Our findings suggest that, cross‐nationally, postwar violence and repression as well as exclusion from economic opportunities are the major drivers of outward migration after civil war. Complementary evidence from the two case studies shows that the effects of violence and of the lack of decent economic livelihoods on post‐war emigration are enhanced by insufficient or dysfunctional political reforms.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Felix Haaß ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am GIGA Institut für Afrika-Studien, Mitglied im GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkt 2 „Frieden und Sicherheit“ und wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter an der Universität Osnabrück. Seine Forschungsinteressen umfassen die Dynamik von Bürgerkriegen, internationales Konfliktmanagement, die politische Ökonomie von Institutionen nach Bürgerkriegen und auto­kratische Politik.

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

Lead Research Fellow
Gesamtredaktion GIGA Focus
Redaktion GIGA Focus Global

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach ist Politikwissenschaftlerin, kommissarische Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien und Honorarprofessorin an der Philipps-Universität Marburg. Sie forscht zu Frieden, Konflikten und Gewalt mit regionalem Schwerpunkt Lateinamerika, aber auch darüber hinaus.

Julia Strasheim ist Associate am GIGA und wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin der Bundeskanzler-Helmut-Schmidt-Stiftung.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Héctor Morales-Muñoz / Srijna Jha / Michelle Bonatti / Henryk Alff / Sabine Kurtenbach / Stefan Sieber

Explaining Connections - Environmental Change, Food Security and Violence as Drivers of Migration - A Critical Review of Research

Sustainability, forthcoming

Nadine Ansorg / Julia Strasheim

COVID-19 Is a Window of Opportunity For Peacebuilding – Use It!

PeaceLab Blog, 2020

Julia Strasheim

Will COVID-19 Reshape Global Order? Nepal Shows: Not So Fast

Global Policy Journal Opinion Blog, 2020

Sabine Kurtenbach / Nadine Ansorg

Security Sector Reform After Armed Conflict

in: (ed.), The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

Felix Haaß / Martin Ottmann

Rebels, revenue, and redistribution: The political geography of post-conflict power-sharing in Africa

British Journal of Political Science, online first, 2020