Felix Haaß / Sabine Kurtenbach / Julia Strasheim

Fleeing the Peace? Determinants of Outward Migration after Civil War

GIGA Working Paper, No. 289, August 2016

Abstract
In countries where civil war has formally ended, not all refugees return. Nor does emigration come to a halt. Why? We argue that three specific features of post‐war situations explain the varying levels of outward migration: the quality of peace, the quality of political institutions, and the quality of economic livelihoods. We test our hypotheses using a mixed-method research design that combines a series of statistical models with evidence from two case studies, Nepal and El Salvador. Our findings suggest that, cross‐nationally, postwar violence and repression as well as exclusion from economic opportunities are the major drivers of outward migration after civil war. Complementary evidence from the two case studies shows that the effects of violence and of the lack of decent economic livelihoods on post‐war emigration are enhanced by insufficient or dysfunctional political reforms.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Felix Haaß ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Arnold-Bergstraesser-Institut in Freiburg und Doktorand am GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies in Hamburg. Er forscht unter anderem zur politischen Ökonomie von Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und Machtteilungsabkommen.

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

Komm. Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien
Gesamtredaktion GIGA Focus
Redaktion GIGA Focus Global

Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach ist Politikwissenschaftlerin, kommissarische Direktorin des GIGA Instituts für Lateinamerika-Studien und Honorarprofessorin an der Philipps-Universität Marburg. Sie forscht zu Frieden, Konflikten und Gewalt mit regionalem Schwerpunkt Lateinamerika, aber auch darüber hinaus.

Julia Strasheim ist Associate am GIGA und wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin der Bundeskanzler-Helmut-Schmidt-Stiftung.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Sabine Kurtenbach / Angelika Rettberg

War Economies and post-war crime

London: Routledge Francis and Taylor Group, forthcoming

Julia Strasheim

Frieden und Demokratisierung

in: Hans J. Gießmann / Bernhard Rinke (eds.), Handbuch Frieden, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2019, 313–318

Sabine Kurtenbach

The limits of peace in Latin America

Peacebuilding, 7, 2019, 3, 283-296

Felix Haaß

The democracy dilemma: aid, power-sharing governments, and post-conflict democratization

Conflict Management and Peace Science, online first, 2019