This paper analyzes the role of religion with regard to the violence experienced during the past 20 years in Côte d’Ivoire. It seeks to explain the differences in the level of violence over time by focusing on religion as an identity marker and as a social force that is mobilizable by religious and political actors. Religious identities were part of the growing in‐/out‐group mechanism utilized in Côte d’Ivoire in the 1990s, while the political elites tried to politicize religion. In reaction to the violence and politicization, the religious elites founded an interreligious organization in the 1990s, and were successful in preventing a religious war.
Conflict Management and Peace Science, 34, 2017, 3, 217-239
Journal of Conflict Resolution, 60, 2016, 2, 226-255
International Interactions, 41, 2015, 5, 857-881
Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (ZeFKo), 4, 2015, 1, 115-146
Political Research Quarterly , 68, 2015, 2, 211-224