Maria Josua

If You Can’t Include Them, Exclude Them: Countering the Arab Uprisings in Algeria and Jordan

GIGA Working Paper, No. 286, May 2016

In those authoritarian regimes that remained resilient throughout the Arab uprisings, the ruling elites have maintained their power through protest management strategies designed to include or, more frequently, exclude certain societal groups. This paper compares the strategies and their respective target groups in Algeria and Jordan, two cases of limited protests despite which authoritarianism has remained resilient. In both countries, inclusionary strategies towards protesters were pursued only half‐heartedly. When they failed, they were subsequently replaced by exclusionary mechanisms. More successful inclusionary strategies were aimed at another target, the regime’s support base. The decreasing extent of political protests can thus hardly be attributed to responsive elite behaviour. The limited use but credible threat of repression together with discourses of deterrence prevented greater mobilisation, partly by invoking negative examples of the past or neighbouring countries. However, the massive reliance on exclusionary mechanisms calls the future stability of the Arab world into question.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Maria Josua

Research Fellow
Sprecherin Forschungsteam

Dr. Maria Josua ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien und Sprecherin des Forschungsteams „Autoritäre Politik“. Sie war Koordinatorin des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten Forschungsnetzwerks „International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes“ (IDCAR) und leitet seit Juli 2019 ein DFG-Forschungsprojekt zur Rechtfertigung von staatlicher Repression in Tunesien und Marokko. Ihr Forschungsschwerpunkt liegt auf Autoritarismus im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika, insbesondere Legitimation und Repression.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

André Bank / Maria Josua

Gemeinsam stabiler: wie autoritäre Regime zusammenarbeiten

GIGA Focus Global, 02/2017

Maria Josua

Legitimation towards whom? Managing the legitimacy crisis in Algeria during the Arab Uprisings

Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, 11, 2017, 2, 301-324