André Bank / Mirjam Edel

Authoritarian Regime Learning: Comparative Insights from the Arab Uprisings

GIGA Working Paper, No. 274, June 2015

Abstract
This paper examines the learning of authoritarian regimes in the early phase of the Arab uprisings. Differentiating conceptually between learning and policy change, we analyze and compare the authoritarian regimes of Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, and Syria and their reactions to the challenge of "late riser" oppositional protests. We first show that the four regimes initiated very diverse measures in the domains of repression, material co‐optation, and legal reforms. With regard to the sources of learning, we find that proximity is a determining factor, in terms of both geography and political similarity. Using the case of Bahrain, we then demonstrate that structural factors such as internal power structures, regional and international pressures, or state capacity can decisively constrain the implementation of learning‐induced policy change. Overall, the paper aims to contribute to the emerging research on the international dimension of authoritarian regimes in the Middle East and beyond.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. André Bank ist Senior Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Nahost-Studien. Gegenwärtig leitet er das von der Deutschen Stiftung Friedensforschung (DSF) geförderte Projekt „Neben-Kriegsschauplätze: Der Syrienkrieg in Jordanien“. Zudem ist er Sprecher des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten Forschungsnetzwerks „International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes“ (IDCAR). Zu seinen Forschungsschwerpunkten gehören Autoritarismus, Konfliktdynamiken und regionale Ordnung im Nahen Osten.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

André Bank

Comparative Area Studies and the Study of Middle East Politics after the Arab Uprisings

in: Ariel I. Ahram / Patrick Köllner / Rudra Sil (eds.), Comparative Area Studies: Methodologies Rationales and Cross-Regional Applications, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018, 119-129

André Bank / Maria Josua

Gemeinsam stabiler: wie autoritäre Regime zusammenarbeiten

GIGA Focus Global, 02/2017

André Bank / Christiane Fröhlich / Andrea Schneiker

The Political Dynamics of Human Mobility: Migration out of, as and into Violence

Global Policy, 8, 2017, S1, 12-18

André Bank / Christiane Fröhlich / Andrea Schneiker

Migration aus der Gewalt, als Gewalt und in die Gewalt: Konzeptionelle Überlegungen zum Zusammenhang von menschlicher Mobilität und politischer Gewalt

Die Friedens-Warte: Journal of International Peace and Organization, 91, 2016, 1-2, 127-150