Die Determinanten sozialer Transferleistungen

Wird in Demokratien mehr sozial umverteilt als in Autokratien? Marina Dodlova und Anna Giolbas untersuchen den Zusammenhang zwischen Staatsform, Umverteilung und Ungleichheit in Entwicklungsländern.

© Roberto Verzo/ CC BY-NC 2.0
© Roberto Verzo/ CC BY-NC 2.0

The debate on whether democracy and inequality increase the level of redistribution in a country is still ongoing. We construct a model that predicts a higher probability of redistribution in democracies than in autocracies.

Further, with higher initial inequality, there should be more redistribution in democracies but not necessarily in autocracies. We test these predictions using data on social transfers in developing countries for the period 1960-2010.

We confirm that democracy increases redistribution and, to some extent, that there is more redistribution with rising inequality. Hence, on the basis of a direct measure of redistribution, we present evidence to confirm the median voter theorem.

Marina Dodlova, Anna Giolbas: Regime Type, Inequality, and Redistributive Transfers in Developing Countries, GIGA Working Paper, No. 273, May 2015


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