Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow | Research Team Spokesperson

Dr. Julia Grauvogel

  • Short CV

    • Since 05/2017: Spokesperson of the Research Team "Interventions and Security", RP 2 "Peace and Security"

    • 05/2018 - 04/2022: Editor of Africa Spectrum

    • 2016 - 2018: Research Fellow in the project "International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes - IDCAR-Network" funded by Leibniz Competition

    • 2012 - 2016: Research Fellow in the project "Ineffective Sanctions?: External Sanctions and the Persistence of Autocratic Regimes" funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation

    • Since 2012: Research Fellow at the GIGA Instiute of African Affairs

    • Education: PhD at the University of Hamburg "The 'Internal Opposition Effect' of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa” (scholarship from the Heinrich Böll Foudation); Master "Peace Research and International Politics" at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen (scholarship from the Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V.), Bachelor "International Relations" at Dresden University of Technology

    Current Research

    • International sanctions

    • Persistence and change of authoritarian regimes

    • Legitimation of authoritarian regimes

    Countries and Regions

    • Simbabwe

    • Burundi


    Memberships

    • Association for African Studies in Germany, Mitglied im Hauptausschuss der Vereinigung für Afrikawissenschaften in Deutschland (VAD), since 2020
    • Africa Spectrum, Editor in chief, 2018 - 2022
    • Peace Science Society (International), Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2018
    • International Studies Association, Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2013
    • German Political Science Association, Membership in discipline-specific association or network, since 2012

    Dissertation

    • The ‘Internal Opposition Effect’ of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative-Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    T. +49 40 42825-566julia.grauvogel@giga-hamburg.de

    International Studies Quarterly | 06/2023

    Monitoring the Monitor? Selective Responses to Human Rights Transgressions

    This paper investigates whether sanctions based on standardized human rights assessments are also influenced by senders’ strategic political and economic interests.

    Journal of Global Security Studies | 12/2023

    Easier In than Out: Lessons Learned from the Termination of the Iraq Sanctions Regime

    Reconstructing previously neglected debates about ending sanctions for the “watershed case” of the UN embargo against Iraq, we find that the United States depicted the lifting of sanctions as an all-or-nothing question, which impeded a more gradual approach toward ending the measures.

    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/09/2024

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2024

    GIGA Focus Africa | 1/2024

    Ten Things to Watch in Africa in 2024

    Democracy will remain strained in Africa, with crucial elections in 2024. Conflict risks may arise alongside the further waning of Western influence. Economic growth will continue, but also structural socio-economic challenges too. Western policymakers should address migration and decarbonisation.

    Journal of Global Security Studies | 12/2023

    Easier In than Out: Lessons Learned from the Termination of the Iraq Sanctions Regime

    Reconstructing previously neglected debates about ending sanctions for the “watershed case” of the UN embargo against Iraq, we find that the United States depicted the lifting of sanctions as an all-or-nothing question, which impeded a more gradual approach toward ending the measures.

    Video | 07/2023

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: An Inter- and Cross-Regional Comparison

    This trend analysis examines the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on state and non-state violent actors in the Global South. We provide an ACLED-based interregional mapping of trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa.

    International Studies Quarterly | 06/2023

    Monitoring the Monitor? Selective Responses to Human Rights Transgressions

    This paper investigates whether sanctions based on standardized human rights assessments are also influenced by senders’ strategic political and economic interests.

    Research Project | 01/08/2022 - 31/12/2023

    Impact of Sanctions on Senders Countries’ Enterprises – the Case of the Russian–Ukraine Military Conflict

    The goal of this project is to assess the short- and mid-term economic consequences of EU and US sanctions imposed on Russia on companies from sanctions sender countries. Knowing how and why economic sanctions affect firms’ behavior is key to understanding the impact that sanctions will have - both for good and for ill – for senders’ countries’ economies and sanctions’ effectiveness.

    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/09/2024

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2024

    Research Project | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2026

    Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA)

    MIASA, based at the University of Legon, Ghana, is one of five Maria Sibylla Merian Centres for Advanced Studies, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research. Its overall aim is to work towards a reduction of global asymmetries in knowledge production and bridging the cultural divide between anglophone and francophone Africa. MIASA's thematical focus is on sustainable governance. The GIGA contributes to the Interdisciplinary Fellow Group on ‘Sustainable Rural Transformation’ and its outreach activities.
    BMBF, 2020-2026

    Research Project | 01/08/2018 - 31/07/2021

    The Termination of International Sanctions: Causes, Processes and Domestic Consequences

    Sanctions termination has become a ubiquitous phenomenon in international politics. Controversies about cases such as Cuba, Iran, Russia, and Zimbabwe exemplify the contested nature of policy debates about the termination of sanctions. Yet, research has focused on sanctions’ implementation and effectiveness, directing little attention towards their removal. This project examines the causes, processes, and consequences of ending sanctions. It combines cross-national analyses based on the first global dataset on sanctions termination with in-depth case studies covering different regions.
    DFG, 2018-2021

    Handelsblatt Today | Interview | 26/02/2024

    Was bringen die Russland-Sanktionen? Eine Bilanz

    Seit zwei Jahren sanktioniert der Westen die russische Wirtschaft, doch die wächst weiter – zumindest laut offiziellen Angaben. Was bringen die Russland-Sanktionen? 

    NDR Info | Interview | 21/02/2024

    Expertin: Sanktionen gegen Russland zeigen Wirkung

     

     

    NDR | Quote | 19/12/2023

    Deutschland hofft auf grünen Wasserstoff aus Kenia

    Der gesellschaftliche, politische und wirtschaftliche Wandel Afrikas verlangt von der deutschen Politik neue Antworten. Ziel ist eine Partnerschaft mit Afrika auf Augenhöhe, um gemeinsam Antworten auf globale, regionale und nationale Herausforderungen zu finden. 

    Cooperation Event | 14/12/2023 - 15/12/2023

    MIASA Publishing Workshop 2023

    MIASA Publishing Workshop 2023, Institute of Statistical Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana, Legon-Accra Organisers: German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Maria Sibylla Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa, University of Ghana Dr. Julia Grauvogel (Organiser)

    The publishing workshop is designed to provide African scholars with in-depth feedback on advanced research papers. It will also enable participants to reflect on, discuss, and rethink imbalances in academic knowledge production on Africa.

    Conference | 05/11/2023 - 07/11/2023

    A Story of Exemptions rather than Termination: Humanitarian Crises and the Lifting of International Sanctions

    IHSA Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Online Event and Dhaka, Bangladesh, Dhaka Organisers: International Humanitarian Studies Association Dr. Julia Grauvogel (Speaker), Dr. Hana Attia (Speaker)

    COVID-19 did not significantly alter decisions related to the termination of sanctions in the years 2020 and 2021. There, are however, other temporary adjustment strategies by the senders in form of humanitarian exemptions and general licenses that were issued during these two years.

    Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom | 06/09/2023

    Sanction Evasion and German Economic Interests in Russia

    Organiser: Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom Dr. Julia Grauvogel (Consultant)

    Trotz der Russland-Sanktionen profitieren deutsche Unternehmen weiterhin von Geschäften in Russland oder umgehen die Sanktionen über Transitländer. Welche Auswirkungen haben die Maßnahmen auf die russische Volkswirtschaft und wie müssen die EU und Deutschland auf die Unterwanderung reagieren?

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2021

    Academic Publishing

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    The workshop is designed to cover the most important aspects of publishing scholarly work. It will first offer an overview of different formats, including articles, book chapters, policy papers, working papers and book reviews. In a second step, the workshop will zoom into the publication of peer-reviewed articles. It will guide the participants through the entire process from manuscript preparation to handling article proofs. In particular, I will cover the following topics: deciding when to submit a paper, crafting a convincing title and abstract, writing a cover letter, identifying the most suitable journals, understanding and addressing reviewer comments, finalizing the accepted article, and promoting your published work. Best practices for each step of this process will be discussed. Throughout the workshop, I will also provide in-depth information on the editorial and production process based on my experiences as the editor-in-chief of an SSCI-ranked journal, guest editor of special issues and author. During the practical phases of the workshop, you will get the opportunity to receive peer and expert feedback on questions such as journal targeting and abstract writing.

    Teaching | Universität Hamburg | 2021

    Sanctions in International Relations

    Universität Hamburg Hamburg Germany

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2020

    An Introduction to the Logic and Practice of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    This course provides an introduction into Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). We will discuss the set-theoretic and Boolean foundations of the method, its logic of inference and learn how to use the method when working with real-world data. The elements of the course dedicated to the underlying logic will cover fuzzy and crisp sets, the analysis of necessary and sufficient conditions via set relations and complex causality, including equifinality, conjunctural relations and asymmetry. This will also allow participants to assess how (fuzzy) sets can be used as a tool for the construction of (ideal) types. The practice of fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) will be taught on the basis of the R package, which is state-of-the-art software for applying QCA. The participants will learn how to calibrate, i.e. to how to transfer quantitative and qualitative data into sets membership values, and how to analyze a so-called truth table, i.e. a data matrix that summarizes case-based information in a systematic fashion. Then, consistency and coverage measures as well as frequency thresholds are presented as tools to deal with noisy real-world data and to assess the robustness of results. Finally, pitfalls and good practices are discussed.

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