• Providing a conceptual framework in which different ideas of peace can be highlighted and their differences analysed in order to be able to formulate concrete proposals for peacebuilding is at the heart of this project. The concept is based on three elements whose meaning crosses historical and cultural boundaries: physical integrity, individual and collective human rights, and constructive conflict transformation.
    FES, 2021-2023


    Katharina Wegner

    Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigaciones Sociales

    Nina Netzer

    Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Kamerun


    Kristina Birke Daniels

    Friedrich Ebert Foundation Colombia


    Annette Schlicht

    Friedrich Ebert Foundation Berlin

    Research Questions

    * What are the main conflicts at the national and subnational level relevant for peacebuilding?
    * How do different societal groups frame peace?
    * What explains variation at the national and subnational level?
    * How can this be translated into context-sensitive peacebuilding strategies?

    Contribution to International Research

    The project contributes to the debates on the varieties of peace (Olivius and Åkebo 2021), context sensitive approaches of peacebuilding (Kurtenbach 2020), and the possibilities to integrate peacebuilding at different levels e.g. vertical integration (McCandless, Abitbol, and Donais 2015).

    Research Design and Methods

    The project is based on a mixed-method and comparative area study design including three elements: conflict analysis, the compilation of qualitative and quantitative data related to the three pillars of peace, and a representative survey on perceptions of peace. After a pilot study in Colombia (Birke Daniels and Kurtenbach 2021) the project conducts similar studies in four contexts: Venezuela, Cameroon, Tunisia and Philippines.

    As a first step, the central conflicts (and their actors) are analysed at different levels. Qualitative and quantitative data on the three pillars of peace enable varieties to be identified but also provide opportunities for peacebuilding. The picture is rounded off with a survey of the prevailing ideas of what peace means to different groups of actors. The results will feed into policy recommendations for peacebuilding in Germany, the EU and the UN.

    Preliminary Findings

    The results of the Colombia study show the added value of the conceptual frame and provide evidence for the entanglements of peacebuilding at different territorial levels and between a variety of actor networks.

    Edited Volume | 10/2023

    Venezuela: de la pax malandra a la paz ciudadana

    Venezuela is an unusual context for a study on peace and peacebuilding. The book provides an analysis with a “conflict and peace” lens besides the fact that its high levels of violence are not an open war or armed conflict.

    Infographic | 09/2023

    How to deal with Non-state Armed Actors

    Dealing with NSAAs is complicated and complex shifting between repression and dialogue. NSAAs are highly flexibkle and able to adapt to changing local and global contexts. Policies must be comprehensive and include local communities as well as structural drivers of violence.

    Yannick Deepen

    Former GIGA Team member

    Edited Volume | FESCOL Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Colombia | 08/2021

    The Entanglements of Peace: Reflections on the long road of transforming the armed conflict in Colombia

    The publication of this study, which seeks to analyse and understand the variety of conceptions of peace in Colombia, comes at a key but complex moment. The context of the pandemic has not only had an impact on the health of the Colombian population, but also on the quality of life of households.

    Kristina Birke Daniels

    Friedrich Ebert Foundation Colombia

    deutschlandfunk Kultur | Interview | 12/08/2023

    Mord an Politiker in Ecuador – der Umgang mit Drogenkartellen in Lateinamerika

    The asasination of Ecuadorian presidential candidate Fernando Villavicencio becomes part of Latin America's search for security policies to confront organised crime. Two models are pursued: El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele opts for extreme repression while Colombian President Gustavo Petro favours talks for disarmament.


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