Maria Josua

Justifications of Repression in Autocracies: An Empirical Analysis of the Maghreb, 2000–2010

GIGA Working Papers | 2022


  • Abstract

    Previous studies on the justification of repression have analysed large-scale protests, about which autocratic officials communicate to avoid backlash effects. However, we know much less about how everyday repression against dissidents and ordinary citizens is communicated and justified under authoritarianism. This paper is the first to systematically investigate how officials in autocracies justify, conceal, or deny different forms of repression employed by different state institutions. It studies the communication of repression in two North African autocracies, drawing on the novel Justifications of Repressive Incidents in Morocco and Tunisia Dataset. The dataset contains 439 events between 2000–2010 and disaggregates the various dimensions of repression and its communication. The empirical analysis shows that the chosen forms of repression influence patterns of communication and justification. Studying the communication of repression helps us better understand the nexus of authoritarian legitimation and political violence in the Middle East and North Africa region and beyond.

    Series

    GIGA Working Papers

    Series Number

    331

    Number of Pages

    38

    Publisher

    German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

    Location

    Hamburg


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    Research Project | 01/07/2019 - 30/06/2023

    Justifying Repression in Authoritarian Regimes of the Arab World: Official Framing and Target Audiences

    This project offers a new perspective on how repression can sustain authoritarianism. It focuses on Tunesia and Morocco – two countries with divergent trajectories during the Arab uprisings. Bridging framing and autocracy research, the project develops a new concept of justifications of repression. It shows how their application in different branches of government differs, why certain types of justifications are chosen, and what effect they have.
    DFG, 2019-2023

    Alexander Dukalskis

    Dr. Mirjam Edel

    Ass. Prof. Dr. Merouan Mekouar

    Kressen Thyen

    Sean Yom

    Holger Zapf

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