Alina Ripplinger

Doctoral Researcher

Alina Ripplinger

  • Short CV

    • Since 11/2022 Doctoral Researcher at GIGA, Democratic Institutions in the Global South (DEMINGS).
    • Since 11/2022 Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (MPIL).
    • 04/2021 - 10/2022 Project Assistant at the MPIL, "Ius Constitutionale Commune en América Latina" (ICCAL).
    • 09/2019 - 03/2021, Student Assistant at MPIL, "Constitutional Courts and the Erosion of Democracy in Latin America" & "ICCAL/ COVID-19".

    Current Research

    • Civil Society, Autocratization, International & Human Rights Law

    Countries and Regions

    • Nicaragua
    • Central America


    • Countering the Authoritarian Turn: Diagonal Controls under Human Rights Law as a Last Resort in Nicaragua

    Alina Ripplinger

    Doctoral Researcher

    T. +49 40

    Blog Article | 05/2022

    Nicaragua’s OAS Raid and the Inter-American System

    On 24 April 2022, Nicaraguan National Police officers raided the premises of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Managua. After confiscating all documents at the premises, Nicaragua’s foreign secretary called the OAS a “diabolic instrument” on live TV and announced Nicaragua’s immediate and definitive withdrawal from all OAS organs. Nicaragua had already submitted its withdrawal to the OAS in November 2021. However, the withdrawal was only to take effect after a two-year period in 2023. The raid has further aggravated tensions between the Nicaraguan government and the OAS which have built up in the aftermath of last year’s election. Against this backdrop, this blogpost develops a threefold argument: It lays out that the withdrawal prima facie does not meet democratic requirements set by the Inter-American Court, it details that the raid was a blatant violation of international law and lays out the continuing obligations of the Nicaraguan State in the Inter-American system.

    Chapter in Edited Volume | 2022

    Las Transformaciones Constitucionales Latinoamericanas: Desafíos Actuales a la luz del Test Democrático Interamericano

    Blog Article | 12/2021

    Nicaragua: Ante la Salida de la OEA

    With an "indeclinable manifesto", the Nicaraguan government presented on November 18, 2021, its denunciation of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS). This decision brings as a consequence the separation from the values and principles of the organization. However, the obligations of the State of Nicaragua persist at both the national and regional levels. Also, the Advisory Opinion OC 26-20 by the Inter-American Court (IACtHR) highlights that in cases of denunciation five courses of action may be activated, among them, the investigation and prosecution of serious human rights violations, the guarantee of rights related to the refuge, and the granting of asylum, and the activation of bilateral relations.

    Blog Article | 11/2021

    Nicaragua: Elecciones en el Único país del Mundo sin Periódicos Impresos

    Elections are a fundamental pillar of democracy, but they are also organized in non-democratic contexts. This is the case in Nicaragua, where presidential elections will be held on the 7th of November. The question is: what role will they play?

    In a context of denial of free political participation, it is possible to foresee, in the first place, a 'self-proclamation' of Ortega as the winner of the elections. With him comes the closed circle of a political elite with financial resources that could play a key role in support of the president. Second, the elections will endorse the 'self-legitimization' of the president's fourth consecutive term. This, in turn, will imply impunity for state agents and civilian bodies acting with governmental blessing who, since 2018, have been accused of serious human rights violations and even crimes against humanity. Third, the defamation and criminalization of the opposition and human rights defenders is combined with a 'self-isolation' of Nicaragua with respect to the Inter-American Human Rights System (IAHRS).

    Research Project | 01/05/2021 - 30/04/2026

    Democratic Institutions in the Global South (DEMINGS)

    This project contributes new knowledge on the functioning of democratic institutions in the Global South, their (in)efficacy to constrain powerful executives, and the effects of particular institutions on both democratic quality and regime stability. The focus is on countries with presidential constitutions, i.e., those with directly elected presidents, an institutional choice that extended worldwide in the last decades.
    Leibniz Competition, 2021-2026

    Latin America Advisor | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 24/02/2023

    What Led Ortega to Expel Hundreds of Political Opponents?

    Nicaragua released 222 imprisoned government opponents and deported them to the United States. This maneuver advances a path of violations of elementary constitutional and international norms, and of a criminalization of political, social and cultural leaders.

    Podcast Agenda Pública | Other | 23/04/2022

    Podcast Agenda Pública Nicaragua: "From the Sandinista revolution to the police state"

    Daniel Ortega is the president of Nicaragua. He has been in power for more than 15 uninterrupted years. How much is left of initial ideas? Can it be said that Ortega's current government is leftist? How has it gone from the Sandinista revolution to a police state in Nicaragua? 

    Agenda Pública, El País | Mention | 01/12/2021

    "Los gobernantes no se interesan por la gente"

    Las elecciónes del 7 de noviembre en Nicaragua se desplegaron con irregularidades, violencia y una abstención del 81,5%. Las condenas internacionales no tardaron en llegar. El régimen de Ortega-Murillo ha reaccionado denunciado la Carta de la Organización de Estados Americanos y anunciado su salida. Lo explica Alina Ripplinger.

    Conference | 28/09/2023 - 29/09/2023

    From Legal Mobilization to Accountability? Strategies to Halt Autocratic Consolidation in Nicaragua

    Resisting the Autocratic Turn: Can (and should) Autocratization Be Prevented, Stopped, and Resisted?, ULB, Brussels Organisers: Berlin Social Science Center, SCRIPTS Cluster of Excellence "Contestations of the Liberal Script" Alina Ripplinger (Speaker)

    Paper presentation in the scope of the international conference: "Resisting the autocratic turn: Can (and should) autocratization be prevented, stopped, and resisted?", convened by Luca Tomini (ULB) and Johannes Gerschewski (WZB).

    Workshop | 25/04/2023

    Halting Autocratic Consolidation in Nicaragua: Strategic Civil Resistance under International Human Rights Law

    (R)evolutions in International Human Rights Law and Politics: Actors, Norms, and Strategies, France, Toulouse, Toulouse Organisers: European Consortium for Political Research Alina Ripplinger (Speaker)

    The paper on Strategic Civil Resistance was discussed during the Joint Sessions of Workshops of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) at Toulouse, France, 2023, in the scope of the Workshop “(R)evolutions in International Human Rights Law and Politics: Actors, Norms, and Strategies”.


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