Christopher Huber / Matthias Basedau

When Do Religious Minorities' Grievances Lead to Peaceful or Violent Protest? Evidence from Canada’s Jewish and Muslim Communities

GIGA Working Paper, No. 313, September 2018

Abstract
Previous research has shown that minority grievances can contribute significantly to violent conflict. However, it appears that grievances do not inevitably induce religious and other minorities to engage in protest or rebellion. Moreover, relative deprivation may explain conflict but not necessarily violent conflict. Contributing to research on these questions, this paper explores the conditions under which the grievances of religious minorities lead to non‐violent or violent protest. Using a motive‐opportunity framework, we assume that members of religious minorities who feel discriminated against must be willing and able to engage in peaceful and violent forms of protest – and that certain conditions are required for grievances to result in peaceful or violent dissent. We test this proposition by comparing the Jewish and Muslim communities in Canada. Our findings indicate that relative economic and political deprivation may create concrete grievances that in combination with origin-based value incompatibilities can explain differences in behaviour in reaction to these grievances.

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GIGA Authors

Christopher Huber

Research Fellow / Doctoral Student

Christopher Huber is a PhD candidate at the University of Hamburg and a research fellow at the GIGA Institute of African Affairs. He holds a master’s degree in political science from the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena.

Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau

Director of the GIGA Institute of African Affairs

Prof. Dr. Matthias Basedau is a political scientist and lead research fellow at the GIGA Institute of African Affairs and a professor at the University of Hamburg.

Recent Publications by the Authors

Matthias Basedau / Johanna Schaefer-Kehnert

Religious discrimination and religious armed conflict in sub-Saharan Africa: an obvious relationship?

Religion, State and Society, online first, 2018

Matthias Basedau / Simone Gobien / Sebastian Prediger

The Multidimensional Effects of Religion on Socioeconomic Development: A Review of the Empirical Literature

Journal of Economic Surveys, 32, 2018, 4, 1106-1133

Matthias Basedau

Does the Success of Institutional Reform Depend on the Depth of Divisions? A Pilot Study on Thirty-Four African Countries

in: Nadine Ansorg / Sabine Kurtenbach (eds.), Institutional Reforms and Peacebuilding: Change, Path-Dependency and Societal Divisions in Post-War Communities, Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2017, 21-45

Matthias Basedau / Simone Gobien / Sebastian Prediger

The Ambivalent Role of Religion for Sustainable Development: A Review of the Empirical Evidence

GIGA Working Paper, No. 297, February 2017