GIGA Working Papers
On 27 July 1999, King Hassan II of Morocco died after a 38‐year reign. Three days later, the 36‐year‐old crown prince was enthroned as King Mohammed VI. In his first throne speech on 30 July 1999, the new king announced political reforms. This proclamation was followed by various measures, which were then expanded and accelerated following the beginning of the so‐called “Arab Spring” protest movement. One concrete result of the protests, which in Morocco were mainly carried out by the 20th of February Movement, was the revision of the constitution, which was approved by referendum in July 2011. These constitutional modifications meant further improvements in the areas of human rights and justice and opened up new possibilities for the gradual strengthening of the parliament. 248/2014 GIGA Working Papers The political reforms have been accompanied since 1999 by reforms in the area of security, the goal of which, however, is primarily to increase the efficiency of the royal army, the police, the gendarmerie, and the secret service in strengthening national defense and fighting terrorism and crime. In Morocco’s current phase of political restructuring and against the background of the security‐policy challenges in the Maghreb Region due to Islamist terror groups, a revision of the security sector’s responsibility and accountability to the benefit of government and parliament is not (yet) intended and thus not to be expected in the near future.