Alexander De Juan / André Bank

The Effects of Regime Cooptation on the Geographical Distribution of Violence: Evidence from the Syrian Civil War

GIGA Working Paper, No. 222, May 2013

Abstract
Is violent opposition less likely to occur in subnational regions that have been treated preferentially by the respective country’s ruling elite? Many authoritarian regimes try to secure political support by providing critical segments of the population with privileged access to economic or political rents. This study is interested in the effects of this strategy. Our empirical analysis is based on crowdsourcing data on the number and geospatial distribution of fatalities in the Syrian civil war. We also use satellite images of the earth at night to measure spatial variations in access to electricity across Syrian subdistricts; these data are complemented with information from the last Syrian population census. Estimations of fixed‐effects logit models confirm the hypothesis that the risk of violence has been lower in subdistricts that had been favored by the ruling regime in terms of preferential access to electricity in times of power shortages.

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GIGA Authors

Dr. Alexander De Juan is a senior research fellow at the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies. His research focuses on the role of institutions in intra-state conflict, state-building in contexts of conflict and fragility, and development interventions in conflict-affected states.

Dr. André Bank

Acting Director of the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies

Dr. André Bank is a senior research fellow at the GIGA Institute of Middle East ­Studies. His research focuses on authoritarianism, conflict dynamics, and forced migration, as well as on knowledge production in the social sciences and area ­studies.

Recent Publications by the Authors

André Bank

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

in: (ed.), Government and politics of the Middle East and North Africa, London: Routledge , forthcoming

Alexander De Juan / Carlo Koos

The historical roots of cooperative behavior: Evidence from Eastern Congo

World Development, 116, 2019, 100-112

Alexander De Juan / Eva Wegner

Social Inequality, State-centered Grievances, and Protest: Evidence from South Africa

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 63, 2019, 1, 31-58

André Bank / Kurt Weyland (eds.)

Authoritarian Diffusion and Cooperation: Interests vs. Ideology

London: Routledge, 2018

André Bank / Christiane Fröhlich

Forced Migration in the Global South: Reorienting the Debate

GIGA Focus Global, 03/2018