Alexander De Juan

State Extraction and Anti-Colonial Rebellion – Quantitative Evidence from the Former German East Africa

GIGA Working Paper, No. 271, April 2015

Does extraction increase the likelihood of antistate violence in the early phases of statebuilding processes? While much research has focused on the impacts of war on statebuilding, the potential "war‐making effects" of extraction have largely been neglected. The paper provides the first quantitative analysis of these effects in the context of colonial state‐building. It focuses on the Maji Maji rebellion against the German colonial state (1905–1907), the most substantial rebellion in colonial Eastern Africa. Analyses based on a newly collected historical data set confirm the correlation between extraction and resistance. More importantly, they reveal that distinct strategies of extraction produced distinct outcomes. While the intensification of extraction in state‐held areas created substantial grievances among the population, it did not drive the rebellion. Rather, the empirical results indicate that the expansion of extractive authority threatened the political and economic interests of local elites and thus provoked effective resistance. This finding provides additional insights into the mechanisms driving the "extraction–coercion cycle" of statebuilding.

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Dr. Alexander De Juan is a senior research fellow at the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies. His research focuses on the role of institutions in intra-state conflict, state-building in contexts of conflict and fragility, and development interventions in conflict-affected states.

Recent Publications by the Authors

Alexander De Juan / Carlo Koos

The historical roots of cooperative behavior: Evidence from Eastern Congo

World Development, 116, 2019, 100-112

Alexander De Juan / Eva Wegner

Social Inequality, State-centered Grievances, and Protest: Evidence from South Africa

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 63, 2019, 1, 31-58

Christian von Soest / Alexander De Juan

Dealing with New Security Threats in Africa

GIGA Focus Africa, 02/2018

Alexander De Juan / Michael Schiess

Breadbasket and Conflict Zones: Land Investments in the Republic of Sudan

GIGA Focus Middle East, 02/2018