Jorge Garzón

Multipolarity and the Future of Regionalism: Latin America and Beyond

GIGA Working Paper, No. 264, January 2015

Abstract
This paper inquires into the effects of an emerging multipolar world on the international institution of regionalism. While IR scholarship has been making a strong case for the regionalization of world politics since the 1990s, the fact that most of the rising powers are also the sole regional powers of their home regions has led some scholars to argue that the advent of multipolarity can only strengthen this general trend toward a more regionalized international order. In this contribution, I challenge these arguments by proposing an alternative way of thinking about how multipolarity is developing. The implications of this interpretation are that the emergence of multipolarity may actually generate powerful centrifugal forces within regions, which would have adverse effects on the known forms of regionalism that regional groupings have been implementing thus far. This applies particularly to the global South, where intraregional economic interdependencies tend to be weak. The proposition is tested by examining empirical findings across several regions and through a case study.

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Jorge Garzón / Detlef Nolte

The new minilateralism in regional economic governance: Crossregionalism and the Pacific Alliance

in: Pia Riggirozzi / Christopher Wylde (eds.), Handbook of South American Governance, London/New York: Routledge, 2018, 173-189

Jorge Garzón

Multipolarity and the future of economic regionalism

International Theory, 9, 2017, 1, 101-135

Jorge F. Garzón

Latin American Regionalism in a Multipolar World

EUI Working Papers, 2015, RSCAS 2015/23

Jorge Garzón / Víctor M. Mijares

Los intereses de Suramérica en la crisis de Ucrania

Mundorama, 2014

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Hierarchical regional orders: An analytical framework

Journal of Policy Modeling, 36, 2014, 1, 26-46