In this paper we study the diffusion of non‐hydro renewable energy (NHRE) technologies for electricity generation across 108 developing countries between 1980 and 2010. We use two‐stage estimation methods to identify the determinants behind the choice of whether or not to adopt NHRE as well as about the amount of electricity to produce from renewable energy sources. We find that NHRE diffusion accelerates with the implementation of economic and regulatory instruments, higher per capita income and schooling levels, and stable, democratic regimes. In contrast, increasing openness and aid, institutional and strategic policy support programs, growth of electricity consumption, and high fossil fuel production appear to delay NHRE diffusion. Furthermore, we find that a diverse energy mix increases the probability of NHRE adoption. Finally, we find weak support for a positive influence of the Kyoto Protocol on NHRE diffusion and no evidence for any influence resulting from financial sector development.
German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). Discussion Paper, 2017, 13/2017
T20 Blog, 2017
GIGA Focus Africa, 07/2016
in: African Development Bank / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development / United Nations Development Programme (eds.), Perspetivas económicas em África 2016: Cidades sustentáveis e transformação estrutura, Paris: OECD Publishing, 2016, 57-86
in: African Development Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations Development Programme (ed.), Perspectives économiques en Afrique 2016: Villes durables et transformation structurelle, Paris: OECD Publishing, 2016, 57-85