Regional powers are often conceived of as "regional leading powers," states which adopt a cooperative and benevolent attitude in their international relations with their neighbors. The paper argues that regional powers can follow a much wider range of foreign policy strategies in their region. Three ideal-typical regional strategies are identified: empire, hegemony, and leadership. The paper is devoted to a theory-led distinction and clarification of these three terms, which are often used interchangeably in the field of international relations. According to the goals pursued, to the means employed, and to other discriminating features such as the degree of legitimation and the type of self-representation by the dominant state, the paper outlines the essential traits of imperial, hegemonic, and leading strategies and identifies subtypes for better classifying hegemony and leadership.
New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2020
in: Ulf Engel / Frank Mattheis (eds.), The Finances of Regional Organisations in the Global South, Routledge, 2020, 206-220
Review of International Studies, 45, 2019, Special Issue 5 (Special Issue on Populism), 711-730
East Asia Forum, 2019
Foreign Policy Analysis, 15, 2019, 2, 283-301