Daniel Flemes / Leslie Wehner

Drivers of Strategic Contestation in South America

GIGA Working Paper, No. 207, October 2012

Abstract
The politics of contestation on the part of secondary regional powers such as Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela towards Brazil as the regional leader oscillate between competition and cooperation, inasmuch as the South American region has one regional power and is a zone of negative peace without aggressive rivalries. The secondary powers use different tactics, which constitute their respective foreign policy strategies, to soft balance Brazil. These tactics include alliance building, entangling diplomacy, binding, and omni‐enmeshment. This paper identifies, first, the specific drivers of contestation towards Brazil and, second, why the secondary powers’ foreign policy strategies vary in how they directly or indirectly contest the rise of Brazil at the regional and international levels. The paper demonstrates that in a regional order such as that of South America, which is characterized by relative stability, domestic drivers of contestation are key to explaining secondary powers’ varied strategic responses to the regional power.

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GIGA Authors

Dr. Daniel Flemes

Senior Research Fellow
Editor GIGA Focus Latin America

Dr. Daniel Flemes is Editor of the GIGA Focus Latin America series and Schumpeter Fellow of the Volkswagen Foundation at the GIGA Institute of Latin American Studies. His research focus is on Brazilian politics and society.

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