Jörg Wischermann / Bettina Bunk / Patrick Köllner / Jasmin Lorch

Do Associations Support Authoritarian Rule? Tentative Answers from Algeria, Mozambique, and Vietnam

GIGA Working Paper, No. 295, December 2016

Abstract
Whether associations help to democratise authoritarian rule or support those in power is a contested issue that so far lacks a cross‐regional perspective. Drawing on relational sociology, this paper explores the impact of state power in Algeria, Mozambique, and Vietnam on associations and vice versa. We focus on decision‐making in associations and on three policy areas – welfare policy concerning HIV/AIDS, economic policy concerning small and mediumsized enterprises, policies concerning gender equality and the rights of women and sexual minorities – to assess the relations between associations and the state’s infrastructural and discursive power. Most associations interviewed by us in the three countries accept or do not openly reject the state’s and/or the state ruling party’s various forms of interference in internal decision‐making processes. Whereas associations in Algeria and Vietnam help to maintain the state’s control through welfare provision, associations in Mozambique can weaken this form of infrastructural state power. Moreover, business and professionals’ associations in all three countries help maintain the state’s control through limited participation, i.e. another form of infrastructural state power. Finally, associations in all three countries support the state’s discourse and policies in the area of gender equality and women’s rights, though in all three countries at least some NGOs help weaken this form of state power.

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GIGA Authors

Dr. Jörg Wischermann is an associate research fellow at the GIGA Institute of Asian Studies, Hamburg. He served as academic head of the project “Civil society organisations as supporters of authoritarian rule? A cross‐regional comparison (Vietnam, Algeria, Mozambique),” which was funded by the DFG (2013–2016).

Bettina Bunk is an associate research fellow at the GIGA Institute of African Affairs, Hamburg, and a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of Potsdam. She recently submitted her doctoral thesis, which focuses on governance and the politics of local economic development in South Africa and Mozambique.

Jasmin Lorch is a research fellow at the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies and a member of the teaching staff at Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. Among other things, her research investigates civil society developments in the Maghreb region and in Asia.

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