Maria Josua

If You Can’t Include Them, Exclude Them: Countering the Arab Uprisings in Algeria and Jordan

GIGA Working Paper, No. 286, May 2016

In those authoritarian regimes that remained resilient throughout the Arab uprisings, the ruling elites have maintained their power through protest management strategies designed to include or, more frequently, exclude certain societal groups. This paper compares the strategies and their respective target groups in Algeria and Jordan, two cases of limited protests despite which authoritarianism has remained resilient. In both countries, inclusionary strategies towards protesters were pursued only half‐heartedly. When they failed, they were subsequently replaced by exclusionary mechanisms. More successful inclusionary strategies were aimed at another target, the regime’s support base. The decreasing extent of political protests can thus hardly be attributed to responsive elite behaviour. The limited use but credible threat of repression together with discourses of deterrence prevented greater mobilisation, partly by invoking negative examples of the past or neighbouring countries. However, the massive reliance on exclusionary mechanisms calls the future stability of the Arab world into question.

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Dr. Maria Josua

Research Fellow
Speaker Research Team

Dr. Maria Josua is a research fellow at the GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies and speaker of the research team "Authoritarian Politics." She was previously coordinator of the Leibniz Association-funded research network "International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes" (IDCAR) and since July 2019 has been leader of a DFG research project on the justification of state repression in Tunisia and Morocco. Her research focuses on authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa, and especially on legitimation and repression.

Recent Publications by the Authors

Maria Josua

Anti-Terror Legislation as a Tool of Repression in Arab States

GIGA Focus Middle East, 04/2019

André Bank / Maria Josua

More Stable Together: The International Dimensions of Authoritarian Rule

GIGA Focus Global, 02/2017

Maria Josua

Legitimation towards whom? Managing the legitimacy crisis in Algeria during the Arab Uprisings

Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, 11, 2017, 2, 301-324