The objective of the APRA-Monitoring is to capture Asia Pacific Research Area’s (APRA) scientific, technological and innovation performance over time and to compare it with the performance of the European Research Area (ERA) and the North American Research Area (USA / CAN). The project will investigate the following questions:
- With which countries in the region is Germany already cooperating successfully? What are unexploited potentials (common themes, high-performance partners ...) for Germany in bilateral cooperation?
- Where do new topics emerge that are relevant for Germany in bilateral cooperation? To what extent does Germany participate in important thematic trends in APRA?
- Which institutions and possibly regions within important partner countries are relevant for bilateral cooperation?
- Where does the emergence of APRA create new competitive situations for Germany?
Contribution to International Research
The Asia Pacific Research Area (APRA, consisting of Australia, China (incl. Taiwan), India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam) is developing very dynamically. About one third of all transnational patent applications and about one third of all scientific publications worldwide are generated with the participation of at least one inventor/ author from the APRA-region. The R&D expenditure has shifted significantly to Asia in recent years, and the dynamics of patent and publication output are also significantly higher in many Asian countries than on global average. In addition, research cooperation within the APRA-region is intensifying, so is the cooperation between individual Asian countries and European or American partners.
The main objective is to assess the development of APRA as another key innovation-oriented region, and to evaluate the effects on Germany and Europe as well as on the worldwide structure of knowledge and innovation production.
The monitoring of the Asia-Pacific region is the basis for evidence-based policy making, and seen as key input for future policy decisions in science and technology in Germany.
Research Design and Methods
In order to answer the key questions as well as other detailed questions, a set of basic data (see below) is collected and used together with qualitative information and data for contextualisation.
Set of basic quantitative data:
In addition to patents and scientific publications, this also includes data on qualified employment, universities, mobility of researchers and students, university collaborations, transnational education, R & D expenditures, rankings, foreign trade, and economic parameters. We will calculate a „cooperation index“ as a so-called composite indicator for individual countries as well as for APRA as a whole.