Strengthening democracy is the main goal of many Western sanctions. However, Christian von Soest and Michael Wahman show how selectively the West uses sanctions to promote democratic standards.
In contrast to other world regions, the Middle East currently has no prominent leading power. The recent upheavals could reshuffle the cards in this race. GIGA scientists have explored not only Arab countries’ chances of taking on this role, but also those of Iran and Israel.more
China, Brazil and South Africa are the leaders in their respective world regions. However, many smaller states are no longer collaborating solely with their dominant neighbor and are increasingly orienting themselves to the leading powers of other continents. Jorge F. Garzón analyzes the consequences.more
Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Islamic State – the Middle East is undergoing a profound transformation. A dossier brings together background analysis and information about our experts. more