• Providing a conceptual framework in which different ideas of peace can be highlighted and their differences analysed in order to be able to formulate concrete proposals for peacebuilding is at the heart of this project. The concept is based on three elements whose meaning crosses historical and cultural boundaries: physical integrity, individual and collective human rights, and constructive conflict transformation.
    FES, 2021-2023


    Katharina Wegner

    Nina Netzer


    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / General Editor GIGA Focus Editor GIGA Focus Global

    Kristina Birke Daniels


    Annette Schlicht

    Research Questions

    * What are the main conflicts at the national and subnational level relevant for peacebuilding?
    * How do different societal groups frame peace?
    * What explains variation at the national and subnational level?
    * How can this be translated into context-sensitive peacebuilding strategies?

    Contribution to International Research

    The project contributes to the debates on the varieties of peace (Olivius and Åkebo 2021), context sensitive approaches of peacebuilding (Kurtenbach 2020), and the possibilities to integrate peacebuilding at different levels e.g. vertical integration (McCandless, Abitbol, and Donais 2015).

    Research Design and Methods

    The project is based on a mixed-method and comparative area study design including three elements: conflict analysis, the compilation of qualitative and quantitative data related to the three pillars of peace, and a representative survey on perceptions of peace. After a pilot study in Colombia (Birke Daniels and Kurtenbach 2021) the project conducts similar studies in four contexts: Venezuela, Cameroon, Tunisia and Philippines.

    As a first step, the central conflicts (and their actors) are analysed at different levels. Qualitative and quantitative data on the three pillars of peace enable varieties to be identified but also provide opportunities for peacebuilding. The picture is rounded off with a survey of the prevailing ideas of what peace means to different groups of actors. The results will feed into policy recommendations for peacebuilding in Germany, the EU and the UN.

    Preliminary Findings

    The results of the Colombia study show the added value of the conceptual frame and provide evidence for the entanglements of peacebuilding at different territorial levels and between a variety of actor networks.

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 1/2022

    From Ending War to Building Peace – Lessons from Latin America

    With the takeover of power by the Taliban in Afghanistan, the possibilities and limits of international peace operations are being newly discussed. Experiences from Central America and Colombia show that not only the return of the past but also the lack of structural reforms threaten peace. An analysis.

    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / General Editor GIGA Focus Editor GIGA Focus Global

    Chapter in Edited Volume | 12/2020

    Envisioning Peace ǀ Transforming Conflict: A Global Approach to Peace

    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / General Editor GIGA Focus Editor GIGA Focus Global


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