Hana Attia / Julia Grauvogel

International Sanctions Termination, 1990–2018: Introducing the IST Dataset

Journal of Peace Research | 2022


  • Abstract

    Despite intense public and policy debates about the termination (and re-instatement) of sanctions in cases such as Iran, Cuba and Russia, research has hitherto focused on sanctions imposition and effectiveness, directing little attention towards their removal. Existing work has been constrained by a lack of adequate data. In response, we introduce a novel dataset that contains information on the termination of all EU, UN, US and regional sanctions between 1990 and 2018. In contrast to previous datasets, which rely on media reports, the International Sanctions Termination (IST) dataset systematically codes official governmental and intergovernmental documents. It contains information on the design of sanctions – including expiry dates, review provisions and termination requirements – and captures the gradual process of adapting and ending sanctions. The article describes the data collection process, considers IST’s complementarity to and compatibility with existing datasets, and discusses the newly captured variables, exploring how they affect the termination of sanctions. The results indicate that changes in the sender’s goals and investments in monitoring devices lead to significantly longer sanctions spells. By contrast, clearly stipulated termination requirements decrease the expected duration of sanctions.

    Journal

    Journal of Peace Research

    Number of Pages

    11

    GIGA Working Papers | 01/2020

    How Do International Sanctions End? Towards a Process-Oriented, Relational, and Signalling Perspective

    Sanctions research has so far focused on their implementation and effectiveness, while the termination of such measures has received little attention. This article proposes a process-oriented and relational understanding that takes into account the multi-layered social relations between actors.

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    GIGA Focus Global | 5/2019

    Easier In Than Out: The Protracted Process of Ending Sanctions

    Since the end of the Cold War, not only the imposition but also the lifting of sanctions has become a ubiquitous phenomenon in international politics. This GIGA Focus Global discusses the protracted termination of sanctions.

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    European Economic Review | 08/2020

    The Termination of International Sanctions: Explaining Target Compliance and Sender Capitulation

    In this paper, we draw on studies analyzing the varying duration of sanctions to examine under which conditions they end. In contrast to prior research that has mostly treated the end of sanctions as a single category, our analysis disaggregates sanctions termination by target compliance and sender capitulation.

    Notification

    Sign up to receive email notifications about GIGA activities

    Social Media

    Follow us