GIGA Focus International Edition Chinese

“前途无望的一代”——全世界失业 青少年人数增多

Number 5 | 2014 | ISSN: 2196-3959

  • 过去这些年里,全球青少年失业人数大幅上升。青少年失业率,比成年人失业率高出一倍以上。



    • 失业只是青少年就业不足的一个“局部指示器”。尤其在发展中国家,对放弃找工作的年轻人的数据评估,人们也应加以考虑。

    • 由于人口的发展变化,全世界各处都出现了所谓的“青少年过剩”状态,然而大部分地区,早已度过其高峰期。只有亚洲南部、撒哈拉以南非洲地区,青少年人数还在继续增长。但是,青少年人数的增长,并不会在各地造成失业,部分情况下,这也会导致人们从事非典型性工作,导致就业不足的情况出现。

    • 工业国家里,教育程度低的人,想找到合适工作的难度就更高。特别是在发展中国家,扩大教育体系,反而常常导致失业、就业不足、受过专业培训的劳动力人数上升。对突尼斯、南非共和国、巴西、中国、西班牙及德国等各个国家进行比较,就可以看出这一点。

    • 对抗青少年失业的一个主要出发点就是:除了提供各国特殊的短期项目以外,尤其要长期促进面向就业市场的职业培训。

    • 市场对劳动力的消化不足、劳动市场政策不见成效,这样,失业的青少年采取激进反应的危险,就会增大。


      Günter Schucher

      Günter Schucher

      Formerly Senior Research Fellow

      Aurora Sauter

      Aurora Sauter


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      In the various editions of the GIGA Focus, the GIGA publishes its research findings and concise analyses of current events. Four editions cover politics, economics, and society in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, respectively. A transregional edition examines global trends.

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